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Criminal Justice

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3310
Professor
Jennifer Dobson
Semester
Winter

Description
Biological Origins of Criminal behavior View criminological behavior as the result of genetics, psychophysiology, neurological functioning,  biochemistry Yang et al found structural abnormalities in the brains of individuals with psychopathy Biological factors may be inherited or acquired before birth or early in life Sociological Origins of Criminal behavior Explains crime in relation to societal influences like social class, poverty and social inequality Strain Theory Social structures (poverty)▯strain (frustration)▯Crime (robbery) Subculture theory Individuals who engage in criminal activity are merely conforming to the hedonistic, hostile, and destructive  values of lower­class culture Social Psychological theories  Consider personality and situational factors Social ecological perspective Behavior is a result of the interaction between the person and the environment Social Learning theory People learn to model criminal behavior when they see those behaviors rewarded General personality and social psychological model of criminal behavior Risk factors and situational characteristics interact to predict criminal behavior Risk Factors: early age of onset for antisocial behavior, impulsivity, aggression, antisocial attitudes, values,  beliefs, and association with criminal peers, negative parenting and family experiences, low levels of school  or vocational achievement, poor use of leisure time, abuse of substances.  Deviancy training Study Recruited boys from high crime neighborhoods to work in pairs on a problem solving task Videotaped interactions and coded normative and deviant talk and boys reactions 2 years later boys who discussed normative topics had not ben arrested or were mixed arrested, but boys  who discussed more deviant topics, laughed about deviant topics were both arrested.  In both arrested pairs, deviant behavior was socially accepted and encourage through laugher Similar results were found with adolescent girls Implications: Youth are dramatically impacted by the behavior of peers Interventions involving delinquent youth interacting in groups can have unanticipated negative effects Social Factors that Can lead to crime Bystander Effect and Diffusion of responsibility When there are multiple people around it is assumed that someone else will help person so you do not feel  responsible to help Deindividuation Wear a mask or become part of a crowd, function more as a group, lose yourself as an indi
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