Multiple choice: Which theorists are most likely to adopt quantitative methods?;
What is Social Science?!
Abstract Terminology !
-in social sciences we study how the environment inﬂuences and organizes people !
-How it aﬀects us as ind but also as groups !
Clip: from Trading Spaces!
-illustrates how signiﬁcant and how important the environment is in determining who we
-Like the saying “you are a product of your environment” !
-This movie depicts how the environment creates who we are and can alter who we are!
Foundations of Social Thought
-Karl Marx: foundation of Conﬂict Theory !
-Max Weber: Symbolic Interactionism !
-Durkheim: Functionalism !
-conﬂict between competing groups !
-Society is organized around conﬂict among competing groups called the haves and the have
-Competing for wealth, power, prestige and resources !
-therefore, it is a class struggle !
-The haves (bourgeoise) and the have nots (proletariats)!
-According to Marx, the poor become poorer and this class become larger!
-This inequality intensiﬁes the conﬂict, the conﬂict creates the tension and the tension creates
a revolution !
-So they propose equality of result which means that everyone is equal at the end of the day !
-Basically wants communism !
-Argues that functionalism is naive !
-Sees things such as racism and sexism as a major problem !
-Macro level theory as it deals with society and a big picture!
-Use both quantitative and qualitative methods !
-Argue that if something exists in society then it serves a purpose or serves a function !