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University of Guelph
Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2120
Scott Schau

INDEX< SCALES AND TYPOLOGIES Most common in survey research and other quantitative methods  Often used in quantitative research because:  Difficult to devise a single measure of complex concepts o Especially true with regard to attributes and orientations o Research devise several items, each providing some indication of the variable.  *We look at the measuring excellence ranking 49 universities (not all but a lot)  *now we know there are three categories (we looked at comprehensive)… looks at 6 broad areas and looking at indicators. This is really an index of an index… each braod category its an index itself brought into another index. Indexes and Scales  A single indicator proides a valid and reliable measure of some vaiables  E.g marital status; # of children in a fmialy  Other variables are more difficult and complex to measure  Some mat require > 1 indicator of a variable  E.gdepression  Some may involve a # of dimentions that calls for multiple indicators  E.g compassion (feeling vs. action)  Some may be concerned with degree to which a variable is present.  Eg physically fit Index- Construction Logic (six boxes from textbook) Scael- constructionlogic (from texbook as well) PASTE HERE LATER !! Indexes and Scales: Differences  Way scores are assigned in each : Index: accumulate scores assigned to individual attributes scale: assign scores to patterns of responses  uses differences in intensity among the attributes of the same variable to identify distinct patterns of response.  **ideally you want a scale score rather than the index score because it has more information.. they will use the term index
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