Socialization: the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture. (not socializing with people) Personality: a person"s fairly consistent patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting. The biological sciences: the role of nature. The social sciences: the role of nurture. Six researchers have made lasting contributions to our understanding of human development: Id: basic drives: ego: efforts to achieve balance, superego: culture within. The others represent a mirror in which we see ourselves (charles horton cooley) Imitation: infants mimic behavior without understanding intentions (does not stop really) Familiar settings have special importance in the socialization process: A loving family produces a happy well-adjusted child. A social group whose members have interests, social position and age in common. Anticipatory socialization: learning that helps achieve a desired position. Impersonal communications aimed at a wide audience. Total institution: a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff.