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Final

SOC 1500 Final Review Morton.docx

12 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1500
Professor
Troy Riddell

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Description
SOC1500FinalReviewSociologicalImaginationThemeofthiscourseisbalancingindividualrightswithpublicsafetycrimecontrolSociologistCWrightMillssaysthesociologicalimaginationmeansunderstandingsocietybyhavingagraspoftheinterplayofsocialstructureandindividualsCrimeCriminologyandtheCriminalJusticeSystemDivisionsofLawSubstantiverightsandobligationsiecriminallawstateswhattypesofconductareprohibitedProceduralsetsoutthemethodstoenforcetheserightsanddutiesiecontainsrulesforenforcingcriminallawegrulespolicemustfollowwhenmakinganarrestCriminallawcomesintoexistencewhenthestatedeclaresitselftobetheinjuredpartyforcertaintypesofinfractionsCrimeanintentionalactoromissioninviolationofthecriminallawcommittedwithoutdefenseorjustificationandsanctionedbythestateBasicelementsofacrime1ActusReusguiltyactorphysicalelementoromission2MensReaguiltymindorintentionHowmuchcrimeandhowtomeasureitCrimestatsmeasuretheresponseofvariousagenciestotheirperceptionofcrimeTheycounthowthesystemitselfoperatesofficialdecisionsaboutcrimeandcriminalsFactorsaffectingcrimerate1Crimeratesarereportsensitive2Crimeratesarepolicingsensitive3Crimesratesaredefinitionsensitive4Crimeratesaremediasensitive5ThecrimeratemayreallybechangingofficialstatisticscomefromtheCanadianCentreforJusticeStatisticsusingUCRandUCR2surveyswhichaddressthevolumeofcrimeCrimeSeverityIndexCSIwascreatedduetolimitationsoftheUCRitgivesdifferentcrimesdifferentweighttobetterrepresentcrimeSelfReportSurveysmeasuresnatureextentofcrimetheyhavecommittedthatmayormaynothavebeenreportedtopoliceVictimizationSurveysVictimizationexperiencesofindividualssampledathouseholdviathephoneDemographicinfoieagegendermartialstatusofchildrenObservationalAccountsResearcherinteractingwithagroupwhileobservingtheirbehaviourCrimeratesarecalculatedbydividingtheoftimesaparticulareventoccursinacertaintimeperiodbythepopulationsizeforaparticulargeographicalareaandmultiplyingbyaconstantusually100000ofpolicereportedcrimesx100000population611homicidesx1000003331138918CrimeMediaandRepresentationNewsmediacoverageofcrimeanditsconsequencesOverdramatizecrimeCrimewavesmoralpanicsOverreportingviolentcrimeNeglectingwhitecollarcrimeCrimemythsRacialandethnicminoritiesYouthOtherproblemsValueladenlanguageFailingtoprovidesocialhistoricalcontextMisleadinginformationMediainfluencespublicattitudesby1Tendingnottoreportoremphasizedecliningcrimerates2Publishingnationalcrimefiguresonceayear3RarelyputcrimestoriesinstatisticalcontextRepresentationofCrimeinMedia1Criminalbehaviourisdecontextualizedfromthestructurednatureofsociety2Mediatendstorepresenttheunusualastheusual3Crimerelatedtomoralityanditsdecline4PicturesandheadlinesRepresentationofwomenPatholigisedwomenwhoarecriminalsareoftenthoughttobementallysickExBatteredwifesyndromeInfantilizedwomengetrepresentedinthesamewaythatwethinkandtalkaboutchildrenWomenarenotmorallyasdevelopedasanadultshouldbeandheroffendingisduetoherbeingeasilyleadbyamalepartnerincrimeDemonizedexplanationforawomansoffendingisthatsheispureevilSexualizedlinkawomansoffendingisduetobeingoversexualizedInordertobelovedwomenneedtobesexualizedbutnottoomuchorelsetheyareslutswhichjustifieswhytheycommittedacrimeMasculineLesbianstrongfemalecharactersaremasculineandarethereforebadTheoriesofCrimeEmphasisonindividualnonsociologicalClassicalCriminologyEnlightenment1600s1700sWesternEuropeTransitionfromfeudalismtocapitalismDevelopmentroleofthestateDevelopmentofcommonlawcivillawEnlightenmentcanalsobecalledageofreasonemergingcapitalistclasswantedtochallengethearistocracymonarchsUpuntilthentherulersdecidedwhowasguiltyandthepunishmentandthisnewclasschallengedthiswayofthinkingofabsoluterulersbeforeenlightenmentroleofthestatewasnotsystematicatallandachangewasneededPunishmentsbegantobebasedofoffpreviousdecisionsaswellascodifiedlawwasbecomingmorecommonrationalbeingscrimeisaresultoftheexerciseoffreewillbasedonthecalculationofperceivedcostsandbenefitsCesareBeccariapunishmentshouldnotbeaboutvengeanceratherdeterrencePeopleneedtoknowthattheirpunishmentisgoingtobeswiftproportionalSocialcontractRuleoflawPunishmentshoulddetercrimeandthereforebeswiftcertainandproportionaltothecrimeJeremyBenthamHedonisiticcalculusorutilitarianismonlyreasonpeopleshouldbepunishedistodeterothersthemfromrepeatingthecrimedevelopedprinciplesthatdefinehowthelawsystemshouldoperatefocusedonpunishmentandsentencingcriticalofpreenlightenmentperiodthoughtthatweshouldusetheemergingstatetomakeadealwithpeople
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