Final Review

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University of Saskatchewan
Political Studies
POLS 205
Loleen Berdahl

POLS 205 2011-04-07 Final Review - Consider POLS 256? o Who?  Considering grad school.  General interest.  Considering/in honours. o Why?  Critical consumer of research.  General research competency. o What?  “How” of political science research.  Not a statistics course. - POLS 328: Public Policy Analysis o Who?  Public administration majors.  Considering future public service employment.  General interest. o What?  Role of policy analysis in policy-making process.  “how” of policy analysis? Actual Final Review - Themes o Institutions matter.  Institutional designs are not neutral.  Also, institutional designs are resistant to change.  Electoral system o The translation of votes into seats is detrimental to smaller parties. o Concentrated parties are benefitted, such as the NDP.  Federalism o We often forget that federalism is an institution.  Constitution o Plays an important role.  Fiscal federalism o Discrepancy of money between provinces and feds. o Imbalance of revenues between one level of government versus the other. o Joint occupancy of tax fields. POLS 205 2011-04-07 o Need for coordination. o Equalization payments are now constitutionally entrenched. o Joint occupancies of tax fields also have a constitutional basis.  Balance of powers  Intrastate federalism as well as interstate federalism, and how they relate to each other.  Not constitutionally defined.  Allows premiers to be dominant spokesmen.  Aboriginal peoples  Interstate federalism  Intrastate federalism  1982 recognition of Aboriginal peoples  Political mobilization was limited until the response of the 1969 white paper o Mobilization led to discussion of constitutional renewal.  Electoral system  Rewards geographically concentrated and punishes geographically dispersed.  Supports regionalism.  Institutions do matter, and are highly resistant to change.
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