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Midterm

PSY 230 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Penis Envy, Joseph Breuer, Castration Anxiety


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 230
Professor
Maja Djikic
Study Guide
Midterm

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PSY230: Midterm #1
Ch. 1
Pg. 29
BIOGRAPHICAL BACKGROUND
Born 1856, Freiburg
Clinical neurologist first
"Neurosis"- emotional disturbance, but not extremely severe
Brever's talking cure of Anna O started it all
1900 "The Interpretation of Dreams'
Worked with Carl Jung & Adler
ORIGINS OF UNCONSCIOUS
Joseph Breuer
o Case study Anno O.
o Body paralysis, can't drink, speak mother tongue
o Known today as conversion disorder, physio symptoms but no basis
o Talking cure, bring out traumatic events
o "Catharsis"- emotional release
o Emotion found another outlet neurotically when surpressed
o Unconscious of memories
o "Resistance" - force consciously wanted to remember but prevent
o "Wishes" - ideas/thoughts repressed if too painful
o "Repression" - block wish from consciousness
o Need to restore wishes to consciousness to deal with realistically
PSYCHOANALYTIC METHOD
Free association + Interpretation of Dreams/Slips
Couch
Opposing forces
o Conscious effort to forget
o Resistance (keeps memories unconscious)
o Unexpressed emotions keep expressing
Free association
o Say whatever comes to mind
o Reflect on what you said
INTERPRETATION OF SLIPS/Dreams
"slips"
o Bungled acts, slip tongue, pen, memory
o Nothing is trivial to Freud
"Cause"
o Action, impersonal force (gravity)
"Motive"
o Emotion/desire operating on you to make you act (thrower)
o Focus

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Dreams
o Children - fulfillment of unsatisfied wishes
o Adults - same, but in disguise
o Manifest Dream - nonsensical, remembered next day
o Latent Dream - underlying motive of manifest dream
"Dream Work"
o Process disguising wishes, symbols
o Some universal
Anxiety Dream - unsuccesful disguise/forbidden wish
SEXUALITY
Libido
o Emotion/psychic energy from biological drive, sexual
Holistic - Freud viewed body + mind as whole, vs. "Cartesian Split"
Drive involves both
Provide genetic base where personality will arrive
DRIVE
Source - bodily stimulus
Impetus - amount energy/intensity of aim
Aim - goal/purpose (to reduce excitation)
Object - person
Impulse Drives
Eros
Life impulses, for reprod. Of species, libido energy force
Thanatos
Death impulses, resolve life's tension in death
Sex: for pleasure, as opposed to reprod.
"Polymorphous Perverse"
Child seeks body pleasure
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
Oral (0-1)
Anal (1-2)
Phallic (3-6)
Latency (7-12) - calm, impulse directed to sports/interests
Genital (12- ) -rebirth of desires, autoerotic --> heterosexual
Oedipus Complex
Desire for opp-sex parent, murderous to same-sex parent
"Castration Anxiety"
Son fears losing penis by dad
Female version "Electra Complex"
Initial love is mom first, but superior penis envy + feel inferior
Desire for a penis = desire for baby boy

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Women = defective men
PSYCHOSEXUAL EFFECTS
Fixation
If not optimally stages, makes sexual deviations in adulthood
The way you invest your libido determines future
Neurosis from arrested libidal development
Libido = psychic energy, sexual though
Note: Age references = focal points, not distinct but gradual
PERSONALITY STRUCTURE
ID
Pleasure principle
Core of being, drive/instincts
Seek tensions reduction
Primary processes, imagining object that satisfies needs, but not enough to just
imagine
EGO "I"
Reality principle
Evolves from ID, but satisfies the ID realistically to endure some tension
Intermediate between ID and world
Secondary Processes, cognitive
SUPER EGO "Above I"
Innermost core, conscience + ego-ideal
Values, morals, very rigid
1. Conscience: Capacity for self-evaluation (make guilt)
2. Ego-Ideal: Ideal self-image, pride
Seek moral > realistic solution
Perfectionist
Ego balances both ends
Personality is self-divided according to Freud
49 iceberg, 90% unconscious
ID is all unconscious
EGO'S DEFENSE - ANXIETY
3 anxieties
Reality
Neurotic
Moral
All defenses are
Unconscious
Distorts reality to make less threatening
Repression - involuntary
Denial
Projection - Project attitute to someone else
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