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KOREA101R Study Guide - Later Baekje, United Nations Regional Groups, Buddah Records


Department
Korean
Course Code
KOREA101R
Professor
Young Gon Kim

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KOREAN STUDIES NOTES
Altraic Family
Altic people came from the Altic mountains
Btw Europe and Asia group of people immigrated east
Idea of how language has traveled and developed
Turkish>Mongolian>Machu Manchurian>Korean>Japanese
Jap and Korean related linguistically, ethnically
Tungisic= Sibera/Russia
Language patter Turkic-Mongolic-tungusic-Koreanic
Japaneisic
Chinese people don’t belong to this group they are more
tibietian
Paleo- Asiatic
(people ½ mya)
Before Koreans entered penn. theyre were people already
there
Not related to todays Koreans- not ethnic decendants
2 ½ million years ago starts Paleolothic (old stone age)
oldest tools
mammoth bone found and human tools in NE tip of Korea =
Paleolithic evidence, communal life
confirmed 30,000 to 20,000 years ago
maybe even 400, 000 to 500,000 years ago
Neolithic Man
(6000/4000 BC)
8000 BC ice age ended, 5500 and climate became what it
is today
Neolithic man had ground/polished stone tools, pottery
Waves of migration through all
Early Neolithic- 6000/5000 BC- simple, undecorated,
small vessles pottery, decorated haphazardly
Middle Neolithic- 4000 BC- greometrical comb design-
comb represent water?- design from china influence
Late Neolithic- 2000 BC- from china comb pattern goes
through changes
Neolithic sites found at waters edge hunted water and land
Neolthic began practicing agriculture
Lived in natural/ man made pit dwellings/caves
Clothing was animal skin and bone needle
Klan societies
Totemistic
Blood line
Believed shamen and supernatural
Bronze Age
(9-8 cent BC)
Walled town states and confederations
Begin rice cultivation from China
Ruling class and not ruling class
Walled towns come together to form confeds
Bronze daggers and mirrors

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Slope dweller/shallow pit- or started living in higher ground
above flat land/farm
Bronze age people had power over the Neolithic b/c bronze
weapons
Doleman tombs
Cheiftans- not extentive- turned to wall towned states- turn
to kingdoms- how choson began
Choson
(4th cent BC)
(2333BC-
194BC)
Wiman Choson
(194 BCE-108
BCE)
Different states- the most powerful is the choson
States had developed to the point their existence known by
china
Myth about how it began= Legend of Tan-gun Wanggom
(2333)
Mostly bronze- old choson most advanced
One king
Old choson confronts china in north- china had iron at time-
pressure from China Yen state (invaded Liaotung Peninsula)
End of the 4th cent Choson enters decline
Between 194 to 180 refugee population grew and people left
from China to Choson
Wiman drives old king, King Chun from the throne
New kingdom is more Chinese oriented
Kept Choson traditions
Stron military and expanded N, E, S
Fought chinese invation
Obsorb chinese culture while maintaining political
independence
Provoked Han invasions- year or more fought chinese
armies
Wiman Choson fell 108 BC
Han China establishes three major Chinese Commanderies
Lo-land, Chen-fan and Lin-t’un within former domain of
Wiman Choson
North area of Han river
China not always repressive
Legend of Tan-
gun Wanggsom
(2333)
Year 2333 why korea say 5000 year old history
Hwan Ung (god) came to Mt. T’aebaek with angles and
cultivated land city and society civilized humans
A bear and tiger prayed to Ung to turn them into humans
Ung said eat special wood and garlic- and don’t go into the
sun for 100 days
The tiger failed at not going into the sun
Bear turned into women- couldn’t find anyone to marry so
god Ung married her and got her preggers
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