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KOREA101R Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Four Commanderies Of Han, Bc3, Filial Piety

Course Code
Young Gon Kim
Study Guide

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Topic Information
Climate - Similar to Northern China (Beijing),
dissimilar to Japan
- 4 even seasons
Mountains/People - Higher altitudes on the Eastern side of
Korean compared to the West
- Altaic mountains in Eastern Europe
origin of current people in SK, these
people moved to Korea and Japan
- Paleo-Asiatic → started Korean ethnic
development half a million years ago
- Modern Koreans potentially related to
Manchurians (Ching Dynasty), Turkish,
and Mongolians
Language - Subject+object+Verb (Altaic word
order) as opposed to
Subject+verb+object (English word
Archaeology - Paleolithic -> Old stone age 2.5 million
years ago
- Anima -> Animalistic belief of living
things having spirits, basis in
- Shaman’s can control the spirits in the
- Shamanism -> Characteristic religion of
North Asia and in many different
religions and beliefs world wide
Chosun - Old Chosun always called Chosun by
- Old Chosun at the beginning of Korean
history, new Chosun the last kingdom
Language - Korean comes from Altaic language
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family (Turkish, Mongolian, Tungus
(Northern Asian), Manchu (Ching
Dynasty), Japanese
- China, Japan, Korea -> Share much
vocabulary but not grammar
- Korea used Chinese writing system
until the 15th century
- Chinese ideographs mixed with the
Korean in modern day due to previous
pertinence in society
- Japanese modified Chinese characters
to create their own writing
- Se Jong Dynasty -> Had new writing
system created (Se Jong was a
scholar) 1443 AD
- Hangul tested for three years-> 1446
AD writing system declared useable to
all of Korea Oct. 9
- Gender and plural/singular does not
affect verb conjugations in Korean
- Not a tonal language like Chinese
- Korean lacks F, V, Th, The/That, Z, R/L,
and W sounds
4th/5th Century BC - Korean ancestors enter Korea and
society develops
- Wall, town, state -> confederated
kingdom (most developed old Chosun)
Tangun - Son of heaven who came down to the
Korean Peninsula 2333 BC
Han Chinese - Four original Han Commanderies in
Northern Korea
- 1st Century BC-3rd Century AD
- Local Korean community resists until
only one commanderie left
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