Discussion and Review 2 - Authoritarianism EXCELLENT WRITTEN AND DETAILED NOTE!!! GREAT FOR MIDTERM AND FINAL EXAM!!!!
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Discussion and Review #2: Authoritarian Regimes
1. What is the relationship between authoritarianism and a country’s economic
development? What is the relationship between authoritarianism and a country’s
•Democratization reduces economic growth. Spending is good for you but bad for the
•As a citizen you always want to spend there are more choices in a democracy
•If the gov’t is an autocracy it can force the population to save. By decreasing wages
etc. The government does not have to cater to your spending needs
•In a democracy the government needs to spend money in order to stay in power and
•This reduces economic growth saving is good for the economy. And the
government wants the government to save rather than spend so that the economy can
•State autonomy decreases when a country democratizes
•As a country becomes wealthier is it more likely to become democratic – no, it is
most likely to democratize when the wealth is in the middle ($6000 USD GDP/per
•In general, most democracies are rich and most autocracies are poor. But there are
•Democracies are rich because any poor democracies no longer exist. They have
collapsed and become authoritarian regimes.
oFor people in an authoritarian society – if you ask people to choose if they
want a group or an individual making decisions. They say group
oWhich member of the group should have the most say? – the oldest, or the one
with the highest social ranking – hierarchical ranking
Relationship Between authoritarianism and economic development:
•Democratization is detrimental to economic growth.
•As a rational individual you always want to spend rather than save because there are
•The conflicting preferences between government and citizenship. Government always
wants the population to save rather than spend and vice-versa.
•However, the government is autocratic it can force people to save by putting taxes high or
reducing wages. Government could implement policies to make it impossible to spend.
•However, the government is forced to spend if they want to receive votes and listen to
population if the government is a democracy.
•Spending decreases economic growth and saving increases growth. The banks get money
from savings from common household. Therefore, saving rate is crucial determine for
•Therefore, democratization reduces economic growth and reduces state autonomy in the
2. How do authoritarian societies control the mass public?
oNeed a strong military
oBut the military can turn against you
oNeed to spend a lot of money to keep the military with you
oNot commonly used
oCannot last beyond the life of the ruler
oMost commonly used
oRegime bring benefits to the population
oThe population genuinely likes the regime
•Violence: Execution, imprisonment, etc. Violence is not often used.
•Personality Cult : Attempt to extract charismatic legitimacy for a personal leader,
however, cannot last after the person has left.
•Co-option: Most commonly used because the regime will deliver benefits to population,
so population will support the regime willingly. 2 types:
(1) Corporatism – Government is trying to control opinion. You have a monopoly of
representation, as there is only 1 group that could cater to your opinion. In a democracy,
there are multiple groups that try to control your opinion. In authoritarian, this
representation is monopolized. Interest representation is hierarchical: Different layers
vertically connected to one another. Key feature is you have no direct interaction except
with party above, not the leader.
3. What is clientelism?
•The other kind of cooption
•The government provides private goods to its supporters. A good that is excludable,
you can deny other people access to it
•Provides private goods in exchange for votes and support
•The difference clientalistic exchanges and normal democratic exchanges
oClientalistic – gives private goods (ex. Car, money, pension,
oDemocratic – gives public goods (ex. Highway, schooling, protection of the
•Helps boost support for the regime because people want the private goods and
therefore support the regime
What is the relationship between authoritarianism and a country"s cultural/value orientation? economy: democratization reduces economic growth. Spending is good for you but bad for the: as a citizen you always want to spend there are more choices in a democracy. If the gov"t is an autocracy it can force the population to save. The government does not have to cater to your spending needs. In a democracy the government needs to spend money in order to stay in power and gather votes: this reduces economic growth saving is good for the economy. In general, most democracies are rich and most autocracies are poor. But there are exceptions: democracies are rich because any poor democracies no longer exist. The oldest, or the one want a group or an individual making decisions. They say group with the highest social ranking hierarchical ranking.