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PSYCH 101 Lecture Notes [Full Course] File contains concise, accurate summary of lecture notes taken during the course. Arranged chronologically by date for ease of use. Contains notes from the entire semester.

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Steve Spencer

thSeptember 11 2008 PSYCH 101 Three Beginning of PsychologyPsychiatricFreud and psychoanalysisTestingGalton Binet and intelligence testingAcademicWundt James Watso Gestaltlaboratory psychology Major TheoristsFreud Started as a medical doctor neurologist he did not do very well in medical school One of his early experiences with psychology was hypnosis the talking cure Sex aggression or both were the motivators behind everything according to Freud Jung Was attracted to psychology by Freud and was set to be Freuds successor However he developed an alternate system and fell out of Freuds good graces Adler Thought that everything was about power he joined Jung and both of them were expelled from Freuds organization Freud did not like Adler very muchEgo Psychologists were the second generation of psychology they brought together and unified psychologists They also helped to get Psychology into medical schools Erikson Horney and Sullivan were all members of this group Major AssumptionsYou cannot rely on what people say or do to indicate problems Much of mental life is unconscious Must understand people comprehensively as a dynamic whole doctors write up case studies on their patients Cant understand just one part of an individual The best approach is a clinical approach More is learned by studying people who are sick Testing Tradition Major TheoristsGalton Believed the upper class were superior believed that upper class was further evolved than the lower class He associated physicality to intelligence Spearman Created the coalition coordination Caltel Wanted to know what made up peoples personalities he discovered extroverts and introverts Eysenck Move that theory ahead and added a third class psychotics Binet Had no upper class snobbery he wanted to know which students would do well next year He decided to give students advanced questions to find out and discovered the first intelligence test Said IQ was mental age over physical age IQ test began to be used to effect immigration policy etc Major AssumptionsPsychology is primarily a product of biology o Emphasis on nature over nurture and evolution There are only a few ways that people differ o A small number of traits can explain the difference between people Peoples traits can be understood through simple tests Academic Tradition Major TheoristsWundt Atomism he tried breaking thoughts down into smaller and smaller units James Pragmatism studied with Wundt and set up the first psychology lab in North America at Harvard He realized that psychology had to touch daily lives in order to turn heads Watson Skinner Behaviorism cannot study the unobservable thoughts Lewin Gestalt said it was wrong to break things down into parts Major AssumptionsPsychology is best understood when causes are understood The why in some cases is more important than the howwhen
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