Study Guides (248,357)
Canada (121,502)
Psychology (623)
PSYCH 101 (177)
n.a (8)

Week 8- Cognitive Psychology I .docx

5 Pages
51 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 101
Professor
n.a
Semester
Summer

Description
Week 8-Clinical Psychology I a. Clinical Psychology I: Psychological Disorders  5 different classes of disorders  Anxiety-Phobia  Mood-Depression, Bipolar  Psychotic-schizophrenia  Dissociate disorders, multiple personalities/Dissociative Identity  Personality disorders –anitsocial.sociopath b. Anxiety Disorders  Phobias o Irrational fear o Fairly common condition o Phobias are quite treatable  Generalized Anxiety Disorder-Panic Disorder o Overwhelming sense of anxiety o Not localized as being caused by any particular thing o Can become quite debilitating o Associated with panic attacks  Hearts going to stop  Sweaty  Cant breath  Cant do anything else while experiencing one o Agoraphobia  Fear of open places, of being out in the world  Fear of having panic attack, while outside of their home  Cases where individuals have not left homes for 20 years o Obsessive compulsive disorder  Can vary from mildly obsessive to extremely obsessive and completely debilitating  Two things that characterize obsessive compulsive disorder  Repetitive thoughts  Repetitive behaviors  Psychoanalytic perspective o Need therapy to solve some deep lying problem which is causing the disorder o Little hans  Scared of horses  Has anxiety arising from Oedipus complex which was being transferred onto horses  Terrified that his father will castrate him due to sexual desire for his mother  Learning Perspective o Things people develop anxieties like little albert o We gain anxiety by associating whatever the stimuli is with something that is aversive o It can generalize from one thing to another o Treatment would be to uncondition it-Virtual Reality training o OCD-reward people for not doing compulsion  Social cognitive perspective o Observational learning o Develop certain phobias by watching others and observing what they are afraid of o This would suggest that you could use models who are doing non-fearful behavior to try to overcome the fear  Biological Perspective o OCD can be treated with drugs o Inborn biological fear for certain things that would make sense for us to be afraid of c. Mood Disorders  Major affective disorder/unipolar depression o Profoundly depressed and lasting for over 6 months o Can interfere dramatically with an individuals life o Poor appetite o Insomnia o Feelings of worthlessness o Loss of interest o Sleeping 14-15 hours day o Gain weight due to lack of activity o Depression is persistent, clear thoughts of suicide  Bipolar depression o Extreme highs and lows o Low side is Major affective disorder or unipolar depression o High side is euphoric, grandiose, think they can do anything o Negative side to this high is that they can become easily agitated, and possibly violent o Often are reckless in behavior believing that nothing will happen to them o Can waste huge amount of money o Number of famous people who have been manic depressives (bipolar) o Pressured speech  Can’t decipher what they are saying  Speech is coming so rapidly that the words are not even fully formed  Individuals with pressured speech typically have super high energy  Major symptom is they haven’t slept for weeks o How quickly do the moods change  Rapid cycling-moods can change within house and within days  More common is change in 3 month cycles and sometimes years as well  Seems to vary within the individual and between individuals as well o Gender difference in depression  Women suffer from depression far more than men  Explanation of mood disorders o Psychoanalytic perspective  Depression is anger turned inward  Part of therapy is to get anger expressed at the appropriate target o Biological perspective  Strong genetic influences-both unipolar and bipolar disorders run in the same family  With certain brain neurotransmitters there seems to be depletion in depressed individuals-in particular noradrenalin and serotonin  Drugs that elevate the levels of noradrenalin and serotonin are effective anti depressants.  Do the highs and lows balance out? No  The problem may be in the way in which neurotransmitters are regulated in the synapse.  One biological explanation is hath neurotransmitters are not regulated properly in the synapse so that the individual may at times get too much, and at other times, get too little o Social cognitive perspective  Treatments that combine drugs with the social cognitive approach are the most effective  Attributions fo
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit