PSYCH257 Study Guide - Final Guide: Railways Act 1921, Schizophreniform Disorder, Asociality

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
University of Waterloo
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH257
Professor
Psych 257 exam review
Axis of mental disorders
Axis I
What we typically think of as diagnosis (eg. Depression, social phobia,
schizophrenia)
Axis II
Developmental (typically evident in childhood; eg. Autism, mental retardation) &
personality disorders (long lasting symptoms and encompass the indiv.’s way of
interacting with world (paranoid, borderline, antisocial)
Axis III
Physical conditions such as brain injury, HIV/AIDS
Axis IV
Severity of psychological stressors
Axis V
Highest lvl of functioning
Describing and differentiating disorders based on symptoms and course
Defining and differentiating symptoms
Causal factors
o Theories
o Empirical research
Treatment and prognosis
o Main treatments
o Outcomes
Gilbert’s transdiagnostic model
Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
1. Symptom classes of schizo
Positive symptoms
Negative symptoms
Disorganized
Actively showing signs
of abnormal
behaviour, excess or
distortion of normal
behaviour
Delusions irrational
beliefs (bizarre vs.
non-bizarre)
hallucinations
experience sensory
events without input
from surrounding
environment
(auditory, visual,
tactile, somatic,
olfactory)
Absence or insufficiency of normal
behaviour
Avolition a meaning without, volition
means an act of willing, choosing,
deciding
- Avolition: little interesting in
doing even the most basic day
to day task like bathing
Alogia absence of speech,
uninterested in conversation
- One or two words answers
Anhedonia lack of pleasure
Effective flattening lack of facial
emotions, toneless, stare vacantly,
Asociality - without social, lack of
motivation to socialize
Unpredictable behaviours that
affect speech, motor
behaviour, and emotions
Inappropriate affect
Disorganized behaviour
Catatonia - alternating
between immobility and
excited agitation (rapid
movements)
Disorganized speech
Types of delusions
Nonbizarre: involving situations that occur in real life, eg: being followed, poisoned, infected, loved
at distance (erotomanic), deceived)
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Bizarre: impossible, situations that can’t happen in real life (eg. Brain waves sending thoughts to
other people)
Usually bizarre
Bizarre or non bizarre
Of guilt or sin
Of reference
Of being controlled
Somatic - individual has physical defect or medical
condition
Persecutory others are “out to get them”
Grandiose - mistaken belief that the person is famous or
powerful
Erotomanic: someone in love with individual
Jealous: partner is unfaithful
Concept check:
Jane has disorganized because mirror starring, childish behaviour (something hephic), speech problem
Drew has schizophreniform, had an episode of schizo, no longer displays major symptoms
Greg has delusions of persecution
Alice has catatonic
Cameron has disorganized or catatonic
Natalie has schizoaffective, because of depressive episode, suicide notion
Shawn has schizophreniform
Elias has deux a folie, or shared psychotic disorder
2. DSM criteria and subtypes
2 or more of following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1 month period:
Delusions
Hallucinations
Disorganized speech
Disorganized or catatonic behaviour (catatonic alternating between immobile and rapid
movements, disorganized unpredictable behaviours affecting emotions, speech and motor
behaviour)
Negative symptoms (absence of normal behaviours)
Five Subtypes of schizophrenia
1. Paranoid delusions of grandeur or persecution (these people do not have disorganized
speech or flat effect, better prognosis)
2. Catatonic alternate immobility and excited agitation
a. echolalia mimic/repeat words ,
b. echopraxia mimic/repeat movements
3. Disorganized used to be called hebephrenic; silly and immature emotionality (disruption in
speech and behaviour, flat effect, laughing at the wrong time, self absorbed, look at
themselves in the mirror)
4. Undifferentiated people who does not meet criteria for paranoid, disorganized or
catatonic subtypes
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Document Summary

What we typically think of as diagnosis (eg. depression, social phobia, schizophrenia) Developmental (typically evident in childhood; eg. autism, mental retardation) & personality disorders (long lasting symptoms and encompass the indiv. "s way of interacting with world (paranoid, borderline, antisocial) Describing and differentiating disorders based on symptoms and course. Treatment and prognosis: main treatments, outcomes. Schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders: symptom classes of schizo. Actively showing signs of abnormal behaviour, excess or distortion of normal behaviour. Delusions irrational beliefs (bizarre vs. non-bizarre) hallucinations experience sensory events without input from surrounding environment (auditory, visual, tactile, somatic, olfactory) Avolition a meaning without, volition means an act of willing, choosing, deciding. Avolition: little interesting in doing even the most basic day to day task like bathing. Alogia absence of speech, uninterested in conversation. Effective flattening lack of facial emotions, toneless, stare vacantly, Asociality - without social, lack of motivation to socialize. Unpredictable behaviours that affect speech, motor behaviour, and emotions.

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