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[HIST115] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 150 pages long Study Guide!

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Scott Wilson
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Lecture 3 – The Organisation of States
World Trading Systems in 1400
New Slide: World Trading Systems 1400, shows a map of Eurasia and
Africa, with trading zones marked out. I – Northern Europe: Wool, II –
Southern Europe: Genoa and Venice, III – Mongol Empire: Silk Road,
IVArab, V – Red Sea, VI – Indian Ocean, VII – Indian sub-continent
and South East Asia: Cotton and Spices, VIII – China and South East
Asia: Porcelain and Spices, IX – Trans- Sahara: Gold.
The big commodity in Europe was wool, traded from Northern Europe
to the Mediterranean ports, in contact with the eastern Mediterranean
world, trading into the central and northern Mediterranean. There was
then a large trading zone, the Mongol Silk Road, connecting the East
with the West, and the route used by Marco Polo. There was the Arab
zone, based around the Red and Arabian Seas, which connected the
Indian Ocean with the Mediterranean. The Red Sea zone connected East
Africa with the Arab trading zone, and also concentrated on the Nile,
delivering goods from the African interior to Cairo, where they
connected with the Mediterranean. The Indian ocean trading zone was
dominated by Arab traders from East Africa, the Middle East and India.
The South-East Asian trading zone linked the Indian Sub-Continent with
modern-day Indonesia, which was at this time rapidly becoming an
Islamic part of the world, Cotton was traded from India for Spices form
Indonesia. There was a zone that worked up the other side connecting
Indonesia with China, trading Porcelain from China for spices. Another,
often left off, was the Trans-Sahara trade connecting North and West
Africa, with Gold heading North and goods heading West.
Notable in this is that Europe's trading zone is right on the edge, and
only intersects with the Mediterranean and Trans-Saharan.
New Slide: Europe and Dar al-Islam: “The Abode of Islam”. Show a
map of the world with an area shaded by green marking areas under
Islamic control. This includes North and East Africa, the Middle East
and much of the territory around the Indian Ocean.
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