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HLSC 3820U Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Final Exam Notes - Canada, Obesity, Public Health


School
UOIT
Department
Health-Science
Course Code
HLSC 3820U
Professor
Wally Bartfay
Study Guide
Final

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HLSC 3820U

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L1: What is Public Health? HLSC 3820U Jan 8, 2019
Safe Water Supplies
- 192 Water boiling advisories on first nations reserves.
- May be potentially toxic; E. coli
- Beaches: warnings that warn people to use caution when swimming.
- People need safe water!!
o Vital essence of life
Proper sanitation and Waste management
- Portable toilet; earthquake every day in China/Japan
o Japanese are very prepared
Prevention
- Warning labels on cigarettes; discourage smokers
o Example of primary prevention
Food Safety and Public Health Inspectors
- Food can potentially kill you
o Salmonella
o Certain soft cheeses, lettuce
- Stacking food on top of each other is a food safety problem
o Bacteria grows very quickly
o Differing temperatures slightly above
o When buying meat or dairy products always take the one on the
bottom!!!!
o If it is above the load zone, it is dangerous
Health Education and Consumer Awareness
- Sugar industry is a nasty industry
- A can of Pepsi has 40 grams of sugar
o Empty calories
o Harmful to your health
o Childhood obesity is on the rise
- Cancer and sugar go together
- Hidden sugars; Ketchup
- High-fat diet actually healthy for you
o Peanuts: contain good fats same as canola oil, extra virgin olive oil
(good fatty acids)
- Stop eating processed foods
- Diets high amounts of fat
o Inuit never suffered from scurvy (Vit C deficiency)
o Do not really eat fruits and vegetables (very expensive)
o When they adopted a Western diet, they started to develop
diabetes.
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L1: What is Public Health? HLSC 3820U Jan 8, 2019
Epidemiology
- Track diseases, outbreaks, pandemics, epidemics
- Etiology: cause of disease
- Usually multifactorial in nature
Promoting Healthy Lifestyles and Environment
- Socializing is healthy
- Australians depend on bikes
Occupational health and Safety
- Make sure chemicals are stored appropriately
- Drinking milk for mining in Slovakia; Miner’s lung (inhale the dust milk
washes it down)
- Window cleaning dangerous
o Safety harnesses and helmets
Environmental health
- Buy organic if you can
o Always a small amount of contamination however
- Pesticide use predisposes you to harmful disease
Global health
- Can carry anything from one side of the world to the other
- Airplanes have hepafilters to recirculate the air to rid the toxin
- SARS came into Canada
o Woman won a competition, went to Hong Kong, when she flew
back, went to the ER, health personnel contracted it, spread from
there.
- A lot of diseases do NOT stop at borders!
Quarantine and Infection Control
Community Based Hospice services
- End of life care
- Help with pain management, support, etc.
Education and training
- Public health programs are in demand
Research and Evidence Informed practice
- Some microbiology, develop vaccines
- Research in schools, communities
Leadership
- How are we going to contain it?
- Ebola vaccines didn’t stop it
o Various strains of Ebola
o Most people die from diarrhea
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