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[CRM1301] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes fot the exam (67 pages long!)


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Study Guide
Final

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uOttawa
CRM1301
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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CRM Lecture 2 Jan 13
Intro to Theory
True or false
- Is crime rate increasing or decreasing
o False: doesn’t seem like it is decreasing because of things like the media
o Our society feels like our community is more unsafe
- Most people are victimized by strangers
o False: much more likely to be victimized by someone we know
o People don’t think that people we known won’t hurt us
o People don’t report crimes that are victimized by someone they know
- People over 65 are most likely to be victims of crime
o False: they are the highest but lowest likelihood
o Commercials that instil fear
o They are more likely to go to places where crimes take place
- Poor people are much more likely to commit crime than middle-class people
o False: people of all social class commit a lot of crime
o Because of self-report studies
o Survey where people answer honestly about the legal activity that engage
in
o But people of lower class will be caught, charged and arrested
o Middle-class crimes are often hidden and money can buy good lawyers
- Violent crime inflicts the most harm on people in society
o False: corporate crimes affected hundreds or even thousands of people
o Corporate crimes can cause tons of people to lose jobs, or unsafe products
o Thousands of people can be affected by what they do
o Cost more money, hurts more lives
o People tend to turn a blind eye on the issue
o Media focuses on violent crimes more
If someone engages in crime, they are bad person?
i.e. people who use marijuana, victimless crime
committing crime with the need to survive
crime is subjective
we have to be careful when we label a person as a criminal
Crime and deviance to relative to:
Time:
- i.e. the prohibition of alcohol
- People who are not of age are charged or drinking, having and selling alcohol
- In the past it was crime to engage in same sex intercourse
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- Crime changes with time, what could have been a crime in the past is no longer a
crime now or vice versa
- i.e. raping your wife in the past was not a crime
- i.e. drinking or driving, hate crimes: sentences in the past was just an assault by
now it is a hate crime and more serious
- some drugs was not illegal back then, now it is
- i.e. physical punishment in the past
Place:
- i.e. chewing gum, in Singapore you can’t chew gum unless it is therapeutic
- i.e. alcohol, drinking in certain places are illegal or not
- in certain places you can use light drugs and vice versa
How do we use theory in everyday life?
In everyday life we are constantly using theory to explain certain things
Predicting something
i.e. clouds = rain
you try to make sense or understand a phenomenon
Factors that contribute to crime
Media: violent shows that they watch
Young abuse
Biological causes
Peer pressure
All these above fall into theory
What is theory?
They are a particular way of looking at something
Theory explains how two or more events are related to each other and the conditions under
which that relationship takes
I.e. the goals and the means to commit the crime
Theory is a…
- A hypothesis
- A generalization
- An explanation
- Simple
- Complex
- Abstract
Theory is not…
- The truth!!
- The answer!!
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