Week 7 – The Bureaucracy
- The basic principles of the Canadian public service: neutrality; meritocracy; representation.
- The role of the bureaucracy: agenda-setting, advising, implementing, evaluating.
- The typical structure of a government department.
- The role of the central agencies: TBS, Finance, PCO.
-Controls upon the bureaucracy:
- The Executive, the House, the Judiciary, the Auditor-General, central agencies.
The steps of the policy-making process
-society; bureaucrats, politicians, external events or processes
- bureaucrats; experts, politicians, societal interests
- Some policy instruments: public spending; taxation; regulation; symbolic responses.
Week 8 – The Judiciary and the Charter:
- The principle of judicial independence.
- Federalism and the political question of Supreme Court judge’s nomination.
Rights regimes in Canada
1867-1960: Parliamentary sovereignty
Canadian Bill of rights (1960-1982)
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
-The rights of the Charter.
- The notwithstanding clause
- Critics of the Charter: Quebec, the Left a