[ANT102H5] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (25 pages long)

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ANT102H5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1
CHAPTER 6
KINSHIP AND DOMESTIC LIFE
Robin Fox research among the Tory Islanders of Ireland
ki related to kidess ad logiall to a fried also.
“tartig i ifa, people lear aout partiular ulture’s kiship sste,
the predominant form of kin relationships in a culture and the kinds of
behaviour involved.
How cultures create kinship
In all cultures, kinship is linked with modes of livelihood and reproduction.
kinship group performs the functions of: HEALTH, HAPPINESS, LOVE
ensuring the continuity of the group by arranging marriages
maintaining social order by setting moral rules and punishing
offenders
providing for the basic needs of members by regulating production,
consumption, and distribution.
Blood is ot a uiersal asis for kinship
Anthropologist would construct kinship diagram, a schematic way of
presenting the kinship relationships, called ego.
Ego: using a set of symbols to depict all the kin relations of ego (Figure 6.2).
Kinship system: the predominant form of kin relationships & behaviour
involved.
In contrast to a kinship diagram, a genealogy is a schematic way of
presenting a family tree, constructed by beginning with the earliest
ancestors that can be traced, then working down to the present.
A genealogy does not begin with ego.
Early anthropologists classified cross-cultural variety in kinship terminology
into six basic types.
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2
Two of the six types, for purposes of illustration, are the Iroquois type and
the Eskimo type.
Current research on kinship links it to other topics, such as globalization,
work, consumption, ethnic identity, political affiliation, and even terrorism.
3 key factors, that cross-culturally, construct kinship relations:
Descent
Sharing
Marriage
Descent
Descent: the tracing of kinship relationships through parentage.
Based on the fact that everybody is born from someone else.
Some cultures have a bilineal descent system and others have a unilineal
descent system.
Bilineal descent: the tracing of descent through both parents.
Unilineal descent: the tracing of descent through only one parent.
This correspondence makes sense because economic systemsproduction,
consumption and exchange- are closely tied to the way people are socially
organized.
Unilineal descent:
60% of the orld’s cultures
Most common form of descent among pastoralists, horticulturalists, and
farmers.
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