Tips about Assignment One
CCT100F History of Communication Technologies
Joel R. K. Moody
CCT100F HISTORY OF COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES 1
FROM THE LIBRARY: 1
CAN IUSE NTERNET IN MY RESEARCH? 1
W HICH SMALL FACTS ARE COMMON KNOWLEDGE ? 2
W HAT KIND OF RESEARCH IS REQUIR?D 2
HOW MANY REFERENCES DO INEED INASSIGNMENT ONE ? 2
DO IUSE REFERENCES IN MY SUMMARY? 3
HOW DO WE USE FOOTNOTES INCCT100? 3
W HY DON'T WE USEMLA OR APA ORC HICAGO INCCT100? 3
GETTING HELP ON TIME 3
HOW MUCH SHOULD IUSE ROSALDO IN THE CRITICAL DISCUSSI?N 4
CRITICAL DISCUSSION TOPIC 4
W HAT IS A DISCUSSI?N 4
W HAT IS CRITIC?L 5
CAN IUSE "IIN MY PAPER? 5
Click on the page number to get to the item
From the library:
Having trouble researching a specific topic? Need assistance finding an electronic resource? The
Library is pleased to offer a new service to the UTM College community. Book an appointment
with a professional Librarian to learn how to navigate the diverse information resources available
today. Bookings may be made by contacting Ian Whyte, by phone (905-828-5332).
The best method to get more familiar with the library is by talking to the librarians or attending
specific library classes:
Can I use Internet in my research?
1 Which small facts are common knowledge?
Common knowledge encompasses general facts re lated to the course material which are
elementary, undisputed, or recurrently stated in the literature. It is not based on someones (or my)
interpretation or analysis.
One easy way to stay on the safe side for referencing "common knowledge", if you are unsure, is
to document it with a prof's site. Many researchers and professors have personal academic web
site with links and papers.
For example, you are not sure whether it is common knowledge that Gutenberg published 20
million books. Look for "20 million books Gutenberg" and the first hits are:
Not only do you have a reference to provide to stay on the safe side of good referencing, but now
you can also see that the fact is mentioned re peatedly by several profs -- there are so many
references because it is common knowledge.
What kind of research is required?
The kind of research required is the kind you would normally do for any university paper
at this level. It involves the use of the UTM library and Internet. Make sure you are able to turn to
the Internet to locate academic literature you have to be able to make a difference between just
any document and academically valuable sources to select suitable material for a university paper.
For example, you may find relevant articles on Eisenstein in a periodical/journal search
using the subject/key word "media (there are at least 7 or 8 listed on the library website which
UofT students have access to). Also, check for other textbooks on media and communications
(type "media" into the UTCat as a subject or keyword) or look for books on the subject as well in
the same manner. You can also try history books (for example, look up info. on the industrial
You might also want to check the library website there is a seminar ("free") offered
based on research using Internet that may be useful, or you can even just ask a librarian how to
look for periodicals or e-journals. In some cases you may have to go into the stacks to find the
issue, but in the case of e-journals you will usually find the full article or at least the abstract on-
line and can then print it directly from there. See the list of electronic journals in communication
on the "Web Links" document.
How many references do I need in Assignment One?
A discussion still needs research and referencing. I am interested in your spontaneous discussion
but even more in what you are able to under stand and critique among existing scholarly views
about the impact of communication media (print in this case). I also wa nt to see how good a
university essay you are able to write, which includes research.
2 See "Plagiarism and Reference format"
Do I use references in my summary?
The summary is clearly indicated as a summary of the paper written by Rosaldo. It is the topic.
When you borrow words directly from Rosaldo, whether they are her words or quoted, you must
use quotation marks to indicate that words appear as written in Rosaldo's article. There should be
very few or no cases where such direct borrowi ngs happen in a summary because a summary is
primarily and mostly your own rewording of the original points (ideally only that rewording).
You do not need to repeat in your bibliography the references already provided by Rosaldo, but
you do reference Rosaldo as a source you used
How do we use footnotes in CCT100?
The format for CCT100 assignments involves parenthetical notes, as described in the document
"Plagiarism and Reference Format". That shou ld avoid the need for footnotes entirely and
simplify your formatting work.
The format is described with examples in the file called "Plagiarism and Reference Format" on the
left (and under Course Documents). When the file opens, click on "How to reference' in the table
of contents for the page.
A parenthetical note referring to a book looks like this:
(Straubhaar and LaRose 2006, 194).
Then in your BIBLIOGRAPHY:
Joseph STRAUBHAAR and Robert LaROSE (2006). Media Now. Understanding Media, Culture,
and Technology. Fifth Edition. Belmont, Wadsworth/Thompson Learning.
You list the publishing information about your bibliographical entries in the bibliography only.
Why don't we use MLA or APA or Chicago in CCT100?
We do not use those protocols because they are too complex for the kind of papers written in first-
year courses. The MLA Handbook is a 290-page book.
Getting help on time
There is a clear statement on the assignment description:
3 Manage your time. Seeking help at the last minute is not a good strategy. If you seek help too late,
you might not have enough time to get it
Your TA or professor may not be able to provide help on time if you procrastinate. Allow at least
48 hours to receive a response to your requests . Claiming "urgency" in your requests will not
necessarily mean that they are processed immediately if you wait for the last minute to send them
to start with.
ROSALDO, Renato (1981). "The Cultural Impact of the Printed Word: A Review Article The
Printing Press as an Agent of Change: Communi cations and Cultural Transformations in Early-
Modern Europe Elizabeth Eisenstein ", Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 23, No.
3. (Jul., 1981), pp. 508-513. Online at: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0010-
It is unnecessary to state/describe: "Rosaldo writes that...", "Rosaldo proposes that", "Rosaldo
has a long paragraph about some aspects of", etc. You simply state the gist of the points she
See the link about "Summarizing" under "Study Tools".
How much should I use Rosaldo in the critical discussion?
You choose the directions of your discussion in the light of the topic assigned in the question. You
may or may not return to the points cited by Rosaldo. Your discussion is based on your own
research, which may or may not use Rosaldo as a springboard. You are allowed to take other
views and support your discussion with other scholars, research, theories
Critical discussion topic
The question is asked in simple language "Should the press be treated as a causal or infrastructural
"agent" behind a "communications revolution" as Eisenstein proposed, or in fact more of a
signifier of mentalits, even of cultural power? It does not mean that the topic is not specific.
Your mission is to debate the topic and be critical in your debate.
What is a discussion?
A discussion takes a complex look at an issue. It s goal is not to reach a definitive answer but to
underline facets of the issue.
A discussion processes ideas to show the reasoning and argumentation behind them. It is not just
the statement of points (even if they are true, even if someone else stated them well in their book).
A discussion is organized and has clear steps (par agraphs centered on one idea for example). It is
not a free-flowing series of points or remarks.