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FSC239Y5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 33 pages long!)


Department
Forensic Science
Course Code
FSC239Y5
Professor
Wade Knaap
Study Guide
Final

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UTM
FSC239Y5
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Forensic Science FSC 239 11/12/13
Canadian Courts
Crown attorney: for queen
Provincial criminal courts:
Judge is the trier of fact and gatekeeper
Oversees the court and ensures integrity of legal system and proceedings
Decided on admissibility of evidence and rules on it
Makes findings of guilty, not guilty, or innocence judge alone trials,…
Ontario Superior Court:
More serious crimes
Can be presided by judge alone or judge and jury
Criminal offence: breach of federal statute
Provincial- only in that province
Canadian law requires full disclosure of evidence- Crown must proved entire care to
defense
Case reports (known as a Crown brief) is prepared by police investigators and
includes
Occurrence reports
Pathology reports
Expert witness reports
CFS reports (submission, bench, notes, etc)
Arrest and Warrant reports
Sworn information
-Defense will provide evidence that will potentially exclude evidence and ultimately
exonerate client
-If preliminary hearing:
Crown must probe prima facie case:
Legally sufficient, on its face, self evident
-Generally an exclusion of witnesses
Meaning only on witness at a time in court…any potential witnesses mist be
excluded from body of court until their to testify bias issues
Not permitted to discuss evidence or proceedings with other witnesses
3D Reconstruction
Forensic in court
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Canadian Courts
-Queen’s representative
-Crown attorney
-Defence attorney -> hired by dependant
Provincial criminal courts
-Judge is trier of facts and gatekeeper
-Oversees court and ensures integrity of legal systems and
proceeding
-Decides admissibility of evidence and rules on it
-Makes finding of guilty/non-guilty
Ontario superior court
-More serious crime
-Can be presided by judge alone and judge and jury
-Canadian law requires full disclosure of evidence -> crown must
provided by judge alone or a judge and jury
-Canadian law requires full disclosure evidence -> crown must provide
entire case to defence
-Case reports is prepared by police investigates and includes all
documentation such as pathology reports, occurrence reports experts,
witness reports, arrest and warrant reports, sworn info
-defence will provide evidence that will potentially exclude evidence and
ultimately exonerate clients
-Preliminary hearing
-Crown must prove pima facie case -> legally sufficient, on its face,
self evidence
-Generally one witness at a time in court -> exclusion of witness
-Any potential witness must be excluded from body of court until their turn
to testify to avoid bias results in testimony
-not permitted to discuss evidence
Biomedical Communications
Visual communication of science
Interpretive visualizatio
3D forensic reconstruction
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