February 11, 2013
Structure of Canadian Retailing
- Level of concentration ownership (over the past years, fewer ownership, less owners)
More Canadian owners takeover shopping malls, power centers, concentration of space
population distribution, lots of growth. Urban renewal city such as Toronto has lots
industrial lands, and been reconstructed to retail stores and residential areas.
o This happening cause of urban change, employment change, and change in
- Changes I format, location
- Independent stores owned by family. Not duplicated anywhere
o General decline lots more stores have more specialzed goods. Family owned
businesses are no longer needed
o Exceptions places like 7/11
Specialization in downtown, there are more specialized stores such as
furniture and specific to the neighbourhood they are in
Ethnic ethic based stores serve that specific ethnicity (ex. Bollywood
movies, Italian bakery, etc.) this has changed overtime because certain
places are not only for that ethnic group, they are also used for tourism
since people around the world come to visit these places
o Locational issues
Urban/suburban spatial expansion in urban locations.
They have become less important because certain places have become
ethnic based, become a franchise
- Department stores store which is arranged by departments. (Ex. Bay
men/kids/woman wear, entertainment, appliances, etc.) they are organized by those
categories. They market to all people, one stop shopping mall.
o Key development
Changes in location need to centrally located, since this is where there
is where there is population concentration. Stores need to survive they
need to be accessible. Where there is easy access, subway, taxis, etc.
people will come there regardless.
Expansion in the suburban post 1970s there are lots of people living
away from the city, so there is an expansion in relocating, or expansion in
makeup stores. February 11, 2013
Arrival of American retailers
• K,mart, woolco, sears all established stores in the states. It didnt
have urban locations, it was all located in suburban areas. When it
came to Canada it went straight to suburban areas. This was a
problem for places such as Bay, since they also had to disperse to
• Shopping mall development every shopping mall you go to, there
are certain department stores (sears, bay, walmart) they began to
dominate the market.
- Department store – reconstructing 1980s/90s
o Acquisition, arrival, department to gain more market share. They take their
consumer and expand their market. Acquiring discounters allows them to gain a
different market and counteract the rivals
Bay acquires simpsons, sellers, k-mart
Walmart – acquires woolco. Walmart shut down businesses that are
unionized since they wanted more profit.
Eatons bankruptcy they didn’t counteract their rivals, therefore they
weren’t able to stay as a competitor.
• Competition & market focus
• Profitability they couldn’t survive with just eatons
• Acquisition by Bay & Sears big businesses draw more people.
• Sears and the eaton chain they wanted to get to the core and