Structure of Canadian Retailing.docx

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February 11, 2013 Structure of Canadian Retailing - Level of concentration  ownership (over the past years, fewer ownership, less owners) More Canadian owners takeover shopping malls, power centers, concentration of space  population distribution, lots of growth. Urban renewal  city such as Toronto has lots industrial lands, and been reconstructed to retail stores and residential areas. o This happening cause of urban change, employment change, and change in cliental activity - Changes I format, location - Independent stores  owned by family. Not duplicated anywhere o General decline  lots more stores have more specialzed goods. Family owned businesses are no longer needed o Exceptions  places like 7/11  Specialization  in downtown, there are more specialized stores such as furniture and specific to the neighbourhood they are in  Ethnic  ethic based stores  serve that specific ethnicity (ex. Bollywood movies, Italian bakery, etc.) this has changed overtime because certain places are not only for that ethnic group, they are also used for tourism since people around the world come to visit these places o Locational issues  Urban/suburban  spatial expansion in urban locations.  They have become less important because certain places have become ethnic based, become a franchise - Department stores  store which is arranged by departments. (Ex. Bay  men/kids/woman wear, entertainment, appliances, etc.) they are organized by those categories. They market to all people, one stop shopping mall. o Key development  Changes in location  need to centrally located, since this is where there is where there is population concentration. Stores need to survive they need to be accessible. Where there is easy access, subway, taxis, etc. people will come there regardless.  Expansion in the suburban  post 1970s there are lots of people living away from the city, so there is an expansion in relocating, or expansion in makeup stores. February 11, 2013  Arrival of American retailers • K,mart, woolco, sears  all established stores in the states. It didnt have urban locations, it was all located in suburban areas. When it came to Canada it went straight to suburban areas. This was a problem for places such as Bay, since they also had to disperse to those areas. • Shopping mall development  every shopping mall you go to, there are certain department stores (sears, bay, walmart) they began to dominate the market. - Department store – reconstructing 1980s/90s o Acquisition, arrival, department  to gain more market share. They take their consumer and expand their market. Acquiring discounters allows them to gain a different market and counteract the rivals  Bay acquires simpsons, sellers, k-mart  Walmart – acquires woolco. Walmart shut down businesses that are unionized since they wanted more profit.  Eatons bankruptcy  they didn’t counteract their rivals, therefore they weren’t able to stay as a competitor. • Competition & market focus  • Profitability  they couldn’t survive with just eatons • Acquisition by Bay & Sears  big businesses draw more people. • Sears and the eaton chain  they wanted to get to the core and got access
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