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GGR287STUDY QUESTIONS FOR MIDTERM1 According to your professor what are the commonly admitted facts about modern agriculture What are the two main divergent interpretations of these factsFacts o Food is now cheaper yearround fresh and is more abundant o More urbanization less farmers BigAgri Business o Food production processingretailing now globalizedThe two main interpretations of these facts a Goodfedpricesquality of life b Bad environmental social nutritional public healthanimal welfare problems2 List 4 characteristics of sustainable food according to Sustain What is Blake Hursts take on Michael Pollans compulsory composting scheme The four characteristics of sustainable food according to Sustain are 1 They contribute to thriving local economies and sustainable livelihoods at home and abroad 2 Protect diversity of plants and animals so natural resources will not be damaged and also cause climate change 3 Give social benefits such as good quality food safe and healthy products and educational opportunities 4 Minimize energy in food production transport and storageBlake Hurst comments that Pollans composting idea will not do much to solve the nitrogen problem as house hold compost holds 15 percent nitrogen but not all nitrogen is available to the crops in the first year Takes 3000 lbs of compost per acre150000 tons compost for corn Each truck carries 20 tons so 7500 trucks delivering trucks 5 million truckloads to fertilize countrys corn cropcarbon footprint3 According to the author of the The Economist piece what are the main problems with Fair Trade practicesWhat Fair Trade aims forPaying producers a fair amount of money the goodPaying above market value when they meet certain labor and standards 1 When producers over produce they are rewarded for their effort with extra capital for each over produced product in order for them to reinvest into the technologies and make it more efficientBad products such as coffee and other easy to overproduce goods trigger the over flood of that certain product and therefore lowering the worth of the product which to non Fair trade producers is unfair cause their same product worth less because of this2 Political assumption about the best way to organize labor Bad certification to small producers giving them a greater edge in competition against corporate producers yet it does not have a fine line in the who is eligible many producers are limited 3 Guarantee minimum price yet creates no incentive to improve quality o productBad trainingadviceaccess to credit from institutions by the small producers have a better quality products than corporate produced goods consumers prefer the first more therefore unfair 4 Fair Trade money insufficiently transferred to the producersBad products that contain marked up price is therefore transffered to the consumers Also it is a good indicator used by producers to identify consumers that are price insensitiveto target those who are willing to pay more 5 selling nonfair trade goods but labeled as fair trade goods based on the fact that companies who own both will market their goods for publicity and good morals infront of consumers4 What is the case made by researchers who argue that WalMart is actually helpful in the fight against obesity According to Thomas deGregori what was the defining characteristic of Julia Childs life What is Heritage Agriculture what were the main challenges to make the program successful and how are these tackleda WalMart has lower costs of food people actually bought more produce fruits and vegetables which resulted in a higherquality dietlowerfat diet reduced obesity rates b Defining characteristic democratized what had been the historic province and exclusive privilege of tiny elitedemocratic elitismgiving haute cuisine to the people c Heritage Agriculture encourages farms within a days drive of one of its warehouses to grow crops that take days to arrive in trucks from states like Florida and CaliforniaBuying local food is often harder than buying organic The obstacles for both small farm and big store are many how much a relatively small farmer can grow and how reliably given short growing seasons how to charge a competitive price when the farmers expenses are so much higher than those of industrial farms and how to get produce from farm to warehouse5 According to Food First and other critics what is the Blue Revolution and how did it work out in the shrimp production sector How do Tim Lang and Michael Heasman define food injustice The Blue Revolution is the determined effort to increase the industrially formed production of a diversity of aquatic species It is frequently promoted as a way to help feed the worlds hungry by increasing the supply of affordable food however it has done the opposite For example shrimp farming has caused y Social dislocation y Ecological change y Environmental destructionTim Lang and Michael Heasman define food injustice asy The rising evidence of injustice within the food systems y the maldistribution of food
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