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ITA200Y5 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Voi, Asteroid Family, Year


Department
Italian
Course Code
ITA200Y5
Professor
Prof.T
Study Guide
Midterm

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ITA200Y5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Fall 2018

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WEEK 1
Vocabolario
L'amante = lover
L'amicizia = friendship
L'amico/a = friend
Il compagno/la compagna = peer
Fare amicizia = become friends
Il fidanzato/ la fidanzata = fiancé/e
Il nemico = nemesis
Il ragazzo/la ragazza = boy/girl
La relazione (amorosa) = love affair
Rompere un'amicia = break off a friendship
Il bacio = kiss
La bugia = lie
Il negozo = store
La valigia = suitcase
Feminine/ Masculine endings
1. Masculine General: o/i
2. Feminine General: a/e or a/essa
3. Ambiguous gender: e/i
4. Feminine with -ca or -ga end in -che or -ghe in plural
5. Masculine with -ci end in -chi in the plural
6. Masculine ending with -go are changed to -ghi unless it ends in -logo then it is changed to logi
7. Masculine ending with -ci are changed to -gi in the plural
8. Feminine nouns that end in -cia or -gia are changed to -ce or -ge if the -i is unstressed and remain -
cie or -gie if it is stressed
9. Male nouns that end in -io follow the same pattern as above
10. Some words have the same singular forms but different plural forms (eg. collega/i colleghi/ le
colleghe
Polite vs Familiar
Esso (m) and essa(f) are rarely used unless they are required for emphasis or clarity and after
prepositions and words like anche, pure, etc.
Essi and esse are the plural
Correspond to it, they/them
Formal: tu come stai?
Informal: Lei come sta?
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Voi is used in general address, whereas Loro is used in specific situations that require formal
address
Signore e signora Dini, come stanno Loro? = Mr. and Mrs. Dini, how are you?
Voi tutti come state? = How are you all?
Question Words
Che
What
Chi
Who
Come
How
Dove
Where
Perché
Why, Because
Quale
Which
Quando
When
Quanto
How (much/many)
Negation
No more, no longer
Non...piu
Never, not ever
Non...mal
Not yet
Non...ancora
Nothing
Non...niente/nulla
No one
Non...nessuno
Not even
Non...neanche/nemmeno
Not quite
Non...mica
Not at all
Non...affatto
Neither....nor
Non....ne....ne
* Some negative adverbs can be put at the beginning of the sentence without non
Non frequento mai quei posti. -> Mai frequento quei posti!
I never frequent... -> Never do I frequent...!
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