Constitution: russel readings to focus on: 11, 12, 18, big c vs. small c constitution, the constitution as a living tree. Burke vs. locke: 3 pillars of canada"s constitution. Dualist french and english canada are seen as the founding fathers. Pan canadian federal government has a right to speak for civilians. Judicial decisions when courts are asked to interpret the constitution and therefore sets a precedent for future cases. Conventions change with time and needs of the country: questions that could be asked: Explain big c vs. small c constitution. How has the constitution changed over time. Majority/ confidence in the executive in order for a functioning government. Government needs to have the confidence of the legislature --> in theory, the executive dominates the government and controls the house of commons: questions that could be asked: Federalism: russell readings to focus on: 41, 42, 43, 44, know what federalism is, know the competing arguments of why canada is federalist.