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Full Year Notes for PHL290

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University of Toronto Mississauga

PHL290 Jan 18 th Parapraxes - most parapraxes perhaps all have a sense or purpose - why does it occur? Because the purpose that it has conflicts with some other purpose - parapaxes displays victory of one of the conflicting purpose o it’s the first sign in us that we have mental desires and purposes Dreams - when there is refusal on the part of the client to tell a dream, this is known as resistance - when there is resistance, there is always a sign that something important is being hidden - whenever you are resisting something and say no, it’s a sign that it means yes - when the client does tell the dream, the problem is in interpreting it o basically 2 different senses of interpretation  manifest/realist: answer is hidden • realist notion of interpretation • contrasted with what is latent • only one answer • interpretation is the search for the one answer • supposing that its hiding something that has meaning • trying to find that meaning  constructivist: the distinction is not between true and false • not a case of finding the correct interpretation – both answers make sense • not a “correct” interpretation - does Freud have a realistic interpretation? o is there one correct answer? o or more than one answer that makes good sense?  would Freud accept that there might be more than one interpretation and would he accept those interpretations? - he already has a set standard – textbook criteria that he follows o so he must be a realist o he believes dreams have a hidden side and a manifest side (manifest: the story the dream tells) – hidden latent side (what we must find out) - dreams occur during the night – kinds of hallucinations - there are mental events that are like dreams but don’t occur during the night – if we were to compare dreams to something else that resembles dreams but does not occur during the night/sleep – occurs during the day – may be they can give us a clue about what is important in dreams o that event is day dreaming  pg 120-121 – day dreams are fantasies – products of the imagination  easily accessible to study in our own mind  are called daydreams but there are 2 main factors missing that make them “dreams” • no sleep • we don’t hallucinate – but instead we imagine  scenes and events in which (look up)  are either egoistic or sexual  we learn 2 things: • 1. satisfaction of wishes that we have • 2. the wishers are basically egotistic or sexual - in the case of ‘real’ dreams, the client does not know what their wish is - pg 124 – the dreamer does know his wish but he does not know that he knows it so he thinks he does not know it o when you deceive yourself, you know and you don’t know – or you know and you deny that you know – not pretend that you don’t know, but because you deceive yourself, you don’t know – even though you know - manifest content: the story that the client tells - latent content: the hidden story – the client doesn’t tell pg 137: - genuine and substitute – important in the analysis in neurosis - in neurosis: actual behaviour is a substitute for the genuine thing that she wants to do - latent: primitive and genuine - manifest: her substitute actions - what leads you from the genuine to the substitute – why do we have substitutes? o dreamwork o how does dreamwork work?  ??? - there are natural symbols for thoughts that we have o ex. when you think of 3, you could really be thinking about something else – 3 becomes a symbol  natural symbol of: man’s sexual organs – symbol for man o ex. going to the theatre – again a natural symbol  connected with seeing what sex is like and getting married LECTURE 4: -daydream is a satisfaction of a wish (either sexual or ambitious) -no uncoscious wish can be satisfied consciously according to freud -Page 266: Trying to satisfy wish through dream, but did not fully succeed -we have conflictions in normal life like wanting to do something, but not wanting to hurt someones feelings. We have this same kind of conflict in our dreams. There are two parts of you, there is one wish u approve and one you disaprove, you satisfy the one of which you disaprove -I have a wish to eat cheescake, I supress it (unconscious). My dream is the satisfaction of that wish -adult dreams are distorted and children's dream are exactly of what they want 154: Children have sexual wishes according to freud. The sexual wishes that children have is Oedipus Complex Oedipus Complex: 256-258: Story. He tries everything to avoid it, but it still happens. Freud interpreted it as everything to do with sex. The Electra Complex is the same thing as the Oedipus Complex, but it relates to females. Freud never uses this phrase for females, he uses Oedipus to describe both situations. With boys, the comple
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