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PSY100Y5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Antisocial Personality Disorder, Fluid And Crystallized Intelligence, Dissociative Identity Disorder

Course Code
Dax Urbszat
Study Guide

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____ 1) Renata recently had a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan done. The results showed that
her brain has enlarged ventricles and a thalamus that is smaller than normal. If Renata has a
psychological disorder, the results of her MRI scan would suggest that the disorder is most likely
A. obsessive-compulsive disorder
B. bipolar disorder
C. schizophrenia
D. dissociative identity disorder
____ 2) Felicia is a participant in a study on stress reactions. Which of the following instruments
would most likely be used to measure her muscle tension?
A. electromyograph
B. circadiometer
C. electroencephalograph
D. polygraph
____ 3) Roger enjoys gambling so much that he does it every day, totally neglecting his family and
job. Roger's behavior satisfies which criterion of abnormality most clearly?
A. personal distress
B. deviance
C. persistence
D. maladaptive behavior
____ 4) Angelina and Dominque are best friends. Angelina contracts rubella and Dominque catches it
from her. At the time they are sick with the disease, Angelina is 4 weeks pregnant and Dominque
is 8 months pregnant. The most likely outcome in this situation is
A. Angelina's baby will be unaffected by the disease, but Dominque's baby will have physical
defects as a result of Dominque's rubella infection
B. both babies will have physical defects as a result of their mothers' rubella
C. neither baby will have physical defects as a result of their mothers' rubella
D. Dominque's baby will be unaffected by the disease, but Angelina's baby will have physical
defects as a result of Angelina's rubella infection
____ 5) Which of the following psychologists took the position that organisms tend to repeat
responses that lead to positive outcomes and tend not to repeat responses that lead to neutral or
negative outcomes?
A. Sigmund Freud
B. B. F. Skinner
C. Carl Rogers
D. Abraham Maslow
____ 6) According to research findings, which of the following has been found to be associated with
higher grades?
A. not changing answers on tests
B. attending class regularly
C. writing down everything your instructor says
D. putting off studying until just before an exam
____ 7) Sir Francis Galton is generally recognized for which of the following contributions?
A. coined the phrase "nature versus nurture"
B. invented the concept of correlation
C. assessed mental ability by measuring reaction time
D. all of these contributions
____ 8) The Thematic Apperception Test is composed of
A. inkblots
B. forced-choice items
C. ambiguous pictures
D. true-false items

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____ 9) The volley principle suggests that
A. spreading effects from one semicircular canal to another interact to produce pitch
perception for frequencies higher than 5,000 Hz
B. ossicles of the middle ear "echo" or "volley" auditory transmission back and forth to
stimulate hair cells
C. sound localization is an interpretation of time discrepancies between the time when the
same sound reaches each ear
D. groups of auditory neurons are able fire neural impulses in rapid succession, sending
signals that exceed the firing rate of any single neuron
____ 10) Biofeedback would be least successful in the treatment of
A. migraine headaches
B. high blood pressure
C. anxiety
D. bipolar disorder
____ 11) A code of 90 on Axis V of DSM-IV (global assessment of functioning) is associated with
A. behavior considerably influenced by delusions or hallucinations
B. serious symptoms or impairment
C. absent or minimal symptoms
D. persistent danger of severely hurting self or others
____ 12) Research on factors contributing to building relationships seems to support the adage
A. "similarity breeds contempt"
B. "similarity breeds liking"
C. "similarity builds uncertainty"
D. "similarity builds discrimination"
____ 13) Reba has an uncanny ability to discern and respond appropriately to the moods,
temperaments, motivations, and desires of other people. According to Gardner, Reba has a high
level of __________ intelligence.
A. socioemotional
B. interpersonal
C. linguistic
D. parapsychotic
____ 14) You enter a room and notice a distinctive new smell. After a bit of time you no longer smell
the odor. This illustrates the phenomenon of
A. progressive desensitization
B. sensory contrast
C. sensory novelty
D. sensory adaptation
____ 15) Agoraphobia is a fear of
A. heights
B. going out to public places
C. closed spaces
D. fluffy sweaters
____ 16) About what proportion of women surveyed on 32 college campuses (Koss, Gidycz, and
Wisniewski, 1987) reported having been victimized by date rape?
A. 2 in 3
B. 1 in 2
C. 1 in 7
D. 1 in 15
____ 17) According to the fundamental attribution error, actors tend to attribute their own behavior to
__________ factors, and observers tend to attribute the behavior of others to __________ factors.
A. personal; personal
B. personal; situational
C. situational; personal
D. situational; situational

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____ 18) Basing the estimated probability of an event on the ease with which instances come to mind
is called the
A. law of small numbers
B. representativeness heuristic
C. conjunction fallacy
D. availability heuristic
____ 19) In a variable-ratio schedule, the reinforcer is given
A. after a fixed number of nonreinforced responses
B. after a variable number of nonreinforced responses
C. for the first response that occurs after a fixed amount of time has elapsed
D. for the first response that occurs after a variable amount of time has elapsed
____ 20) When you tell yourself that you will never be happy again now that your significant other has
ended the relationship, you are engaging in what Albert Ellis calls
A. catharsis
B. catastrophic thinking
C. calamitous thinking
D. primary appraisal
____ 21) The moon illusion occurs when
A. you perceive the moon to be smaller on the horizon than overhead
B. you perceive the moon to be larger on the horizon than overhead
C. you perceive the moon to be the same size when viewed on the horizon and overhead
D. you think you see the moon when in fact it is not there
____ 22) If a subject is presented with a series of pairs of light bulbs of different wattages and is asked
whether the members of each pair differ in brightness, which of the following is being measured?
A. the physical intensity difference between the two lights
B. the subject's just noticeable difference for brightness
C. the subject's absolute threshold for brightness
D. the subject's visual acuity
____ 23) A system of interrelated ideas used to explain a set of observations is called
A. a theory
B. a hypothesis
C. a conceptualization
D. an application
____ 24) In an attempt to develop a "culture-free" measure of intelligence, researchers are focusing on
A. brain-wave pattern analysis
B. reaction times
C. sensory discrimination
D. none of these measures
____ 25) The order of the basic memory processes in which information enters our memory system
and is used later is
A. encoding->retrieval->storage
B. encoding->storage->retrieval
C. storage->retrieval->acquisition
D. acquisition->encoding->retrieval
____ 26) Reabsorption of neurotransmitters into the presynaptic neuron is referred to as
A. cyclomyosis
B. regrading
C. uploading
D. reuptake
____ 27) Yesenia has an anxiety disorder. Based on research that has investigated the correlations
between psychological disorders and personality traits, it is likely that Yesenia will score
A. low in openness
B. low in extroversion
C. high in neuroticism
D. high in agreeableness
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