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Midterm

PSY100Y5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Mental Rotation, Ontogeny, Naturalistic Observation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY100Y5
Professor
Dax Urbszat
Study Guide
Midterm

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Chapter 1—The Evolution of Psychology
MULTIPLE CHOICE
1. Which of the following individuals is responsible for establishing psychology as an
independent discipline with its own subject matter?
a
.
Wilhelm Wundt
b
.
G. Stanley Hall
c
.
René Descartes
d
.
William James
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 4 BLM: Remember
2. According to historians, when and where did the “birth” of psychology occur?
a
.
1859 in England
b
.
1879 in Germany
c
.
1883 in the United States
d
.
1909 in Austria
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 4 BLM: Remember
3. According to Wilhelm Wundt, what was the focus of psychology?
a
.
to understand functions of behaviour
b
.
to understand unconscious motivation
c
.
the scientific study of observable behaviour
d
.
the scientific study of conscious experience
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 4 BLM: Remember
4. What did Wilhelm Wundt believe the focus of psychology should be?
a
.
studying stimulus-response associations
b
.
questioning the nature of existence
cexamining people’s awareness of their immediate experience

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.
d
.
determining people’s unconscious motivation for behaviour
ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: p. 4 BLM: Higher order
5. Who established the first psychological research laboratory in the United States and launched
that country’s first psychology journal?
a
.
William James
b
.
G. Stanley Hall
c
.
John Watson
d
.
Edward Titchener
ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: p. 5 BLM: Remember

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

6. Who was the first president of the American Psychological Association (APA)?
a
.
G. Stanley Hall
b
.
John Watson
c
.
William James
d
.
Sigmund Freud
ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: p. 5 BLM: Remember
7. What is the world’s largest organization devoted to the advancement of psychology?
a
.
Psychologists of North America
b
.
Western Psychological Society
c
.
World Psychology Organization
d
.
American Psychological Association
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 5 BLM: Remember
8. What were the first two major schools of psychology?
a
.
functionalism and behaviourism
b
.
behaviourism and psychoanalytic theory
c
.
behaviourism and Gestalt psychology
d
.
structuralism and functionalism
ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: p. 6 BLM: Remember
9. Which school of psychology focused on identifying and examining the fundamental
components of conscious experience, such as sensations, feelings, and images?
a
.
humanism
b
.
structuralism
c
.
functionalism
d
.
behaviourism
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