Study Guides (248,633)
Canada (121,642)
Psychology (827)
PSY100Y5 (284)
None (8)

L8 & notes - Language and Thought.docx

3 Pages

Course Code

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
PSY100 – Nov. 12 2012 Lecture 8 – Language and Thought Slide 1 Slide 2 – Language - language developed as a result of tool making: making tools engages the same part of the brain that language does and we learn to plan ahead in many steps of the design of the tool - language is a quantitative difference: we can do language much better than other species - how language began: emotion is the first communication - apes and chimpanzees laugh when they play-fight - humans are good at meeting strangers and tolerating them - what is language? It’s a set of sounds. Shared meaning to a symbol and a sound. - You learn language best when you are young - Phonemes: thee are about a hundred of them (40 in the English language); just the alphabet - Morphemes: 50,000 english morphemes (ie. –ly, anything that changes the meaning of the word) Slide 3 – Nonverbal Communication - 90% of our communication is done without words/language - vocal intonation: the tone at which you say something o ie. Raising the tone of the last syllable when you speak: turns everything into a question (up-talking) - predators can tell if you are good victim material by your body language - physical distance: if you’re too close, people start to become uncomfortable - facial expressions: ie. Angry look on your face indicates you are mad. Slide 4 – Language Development - we start learning language at 4 months of age - humans are language learning machines - 6 months: babbling – first most common sound ‘Duh’ ‘dada’, 2 most nd common sound: mama - 18-24 months: learning language super fast - we need exposure to real language during our period of critical development and if you’re not exposed to it, you’ll make up a language based on the sounds that you’re exposed to - all children have the innate power to create and evolve their own language - Receptive vs. productive vocabulary: receptive is much larger (we know more words than we speak) - Fast mapping: hearing a word and then using it without ever practicing it - Over extension: learning rules and ideas and applying them where they don’t belong. ie. Magically learning to turn a verb into its past tense: today
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.