RLG101H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 49 pages long!)

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RLG101H5
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture notes on Belief
Belief
Belief i Eglish has differet eaigs
Think something is true / real
Know something is true / real
Regard something as meaningful or
important
Trust in someone / yourself / god(s)
Hope for a good outcome
Belief and the
Study of Religion
• Protestat Reforatio Christiait
• Marti Luther: 5 Theses 5
Catholic church: institution b/t person
and
God; oer-ephasis o rituals
New Testament (Paul): Faith over works:
You hae ee saed through faith, and
this
is not your own doing; it is the gift of God
ot the result of orks. Ephesias :-9)
37
Tylor: Religion is belief in spiritual beings
• Wh this fous?
Protestant Christian view
(NOT universal view)
Faith over works
• “holars of religion from Protestant
cultures
• Proles ith thikig that religio is all
about belief?
. Laguage issues iolig elief
Various meanings in English
No ord for elief i seeral
languages (e.g., Arabic, Hebrew, Pali)
• Proles ith thinking that religion is all
about belief?
2. Sometimes belief is not (that) important
Different traditions
Different people within the same
traditions / communities
Theories of Belief
Cognitive vs. affective beliefs (p. 117)
Habitus (p. 125-6)
Reductionist theories (p. 108-9)
Non-reductionist theories (p. 111-5)
Belief and common sense (p. 119-123)
Cognitive approaches (p. 109-11)
Cognitive vs. Affective
Richard Gombrich
Cognitive: what we say/think we believe
Affective: what our actions indicate we
believe
What is the cognitive belief of Timon
and Pumbaa (and Simba)?
What is the affective belief of Timon
and Pumbaa (and Simba)?
• Aalsis of Lio Kig:
Timon, Pumbaa, and Simba say (and
think)
that the eliee i Hakua Matata
Initially their behaviour also shows they
eliee i Hakua Matata
However when loved ones are in trouble
their actions show that they DO believe
they have responsibilities
• Possile essages:
Our affective beliefs are affected by
circumstances
Good to be relaxed when there are no
problems
However in some situations we should
live up to our responsibilities
63
Habitus
• Pierre Bourdieu ad Catherie Bell
• Cultural otet of people’s lies
Impact on our beliefs
(Note: individual choice/agency)
64
• Pierre Bourdieu ad Catherie Bell
• Cultural otet of people’s lies
How specific beliefs are
viewed/practiced
e.g., elief i satit of life
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• Aalsis of Lio Kig:
Simba is exposed to two cultures that
influence his beliefs
Resposiilit s hakua atata
What is the film trying to tell us?
• Possile essages:
It is better to live up to our
responsibilities than to ignore
problems
Our beliefs our affected by our habitus
but we should make our own choices
(not just aept hat e’re told
67
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