Metaphor of the Buddha as a physician
Questions Which Tend Not to Edification
Spread of the Religion
Monks: bhiku (Sanskrit) / bhikkhu (Pali)
nuns: bhikuī (Sanskrit) / bhikkhuī (Pali)
male lay devotees upāsaka
female lay devotees upāsikā
cf Buddhism to the Hindu tradition
The Three Refuges/Jewels/Treasures/Gems
•The dharma (the Buddha’s teachings)
•The samgha/sangha (“community”; the order of monks and nuns; all
followers of the Buddhist tradition)
Why not Remain a layperson?
The Ten Precepts
•1. refrain from taking life
•2. refrain from taking what is not given
•3. refrain from unchastity
•4. refrain from speaking falsely
•5. refrain from intoxicating drinks
•6. refrain from eating at the wrong time
•7. refrain from attending events where there are dancing, singing, music,
or acrobatic exhibitions."
•8. refrain from wearing garlands, perfumes, unguents, ornaments, or
•9. refrain from using high or broad beds.
•10. refrain from accepting gold or silver.
4 Paths/Stages of Awakening
Purification Knowledge and Insight consists of knowledge of the Four Paths: