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SOC100H5 (133)

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Barry Green

Chapter 1: The Sociological Imagination Structural Functionalism: C.Write Mills was not a structural functionalist. - 5:-OL8K0!4Z07OL90- we have J4;t run by a powerful elite (~3% of population): it was a threat to the idea that everyone is equal. According to Mills, the 3 fundamental part of studying sociology: 1.) Social Structure: this is not tangible but can show evidence of it. An example of structure is %K01,2LO -> kinship whether it is by blood relation (children) or by partnership (marriage). The importance of kinship depends on society. Every society has some form of structure! - Another example of social structure is the socio-economic status in our society (upper, middle or lower classes). This is based on income, wealth, # of years of education, career. All this has a direct effect on opportunities in life, longevity, what we get to do or not do.. - All of us have immediate experience of how the structure and different elements of society affect each other ex. Status of the economy, the level of education and the career that individuals decide to pursue. - The elements of our society interact in different ways from the rest of the world 2.) Patterns of Social Change: society is constantly changing- we need to understand history to understand where we are, how it impacts us and how we are changing - Historical change -> Social change - Sociology looks both backwards and forwards to in an effort to understand contemporary society - 47,OL38038L9L;L9.,3708:O917425045O088038041-0L3J4;07ZK0O20-KL8947L.,O changes that they do not understand and that may challenge cherished values - ex. Technology -> cars has changed the way we work so this is how suburbs were invented) 3.) Characteristics of the people who form society These individuals are controlled by structure and take on social roles -> positions occupied in social life. - These roles often take time to get comfortable with (ex. University life). Some roles are easier to adjust than others and there are also different levels of commitment to these roles. - Our options are often limited; we often fall into categories ex. Social class, gender, ethnicity, etc - Social roles have been there long before we have- Z0L39.70,909K02,3Z043t have much immediate control over how they affect our lives; it may lead us to feel trapped bc forces beyond our control rise above what we directly experience. - Some society allow greater individual freedom than others.
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