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Zachary Levinsky

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SOC253 EXAM NOTESWEEK 6 SLAVERY TRADE AND SOCIETIES DURING SLAVERYMOVIE Shackles of Memory The Atlantic Slave Tradediscusses the slavery imposed by European nations during the colonial erafocused heavily on the French Colonialist who travelled to Africa engaging in slave trading alongside other trading and the consequences of the slave tradethrapid growth of transAtlantic slave trade during the 18 century when European countries such as England Portugal and spain travelled all over the world in hopes of acquiring riches and take over land in the name of their respective countries Indigenous populations in the Americas and Africa were enslaved due to the requirement of labour force to pillage precious resources Slavery was conducted over three centuries thousands of ships transported African slaves to where manual labour was requiredWhen African slaves were bought from Chiefs in Africa they would be grouped together stripped of everything they wore and were branded oFollowing this they were carried onto ships that would take them to the Americas The quality of these ships were horrible The spread of disease within the cramped ship led to the death of one third of the slaves and a significant number of sailorsIn the Americas they were sold off again to spend their lives completing hard labour for their masters Packed together in confined spaces on floating prisons the Africans would die from fear diseases and abuse from the crew Once they arrived the captain would mask the appearance of the slaves by feeding them and rubbing them with oil A surgeon would then analyze the slaves by estimating their health and strength The good ones would be bought and then stamped in the chest with the masters initials Europeans were obviously the main advantageous of the slave trade For example the Nantes region became wealthy due to its great location that allowed the exportation of slaves and the importation of goods coming from sugar plantations andor indigo cocoa etcScholars estimated the Atlantic slave trade brought over 1215 million slaves to the Americas Should they attempt to rebel they would be met with dire consequences There was also an attempt to assimilate the slaves forcing them into baptism but to prevent a revolt the colonialist would allow them to continue practicing their religionAlthough all slave were forced to be baptised due to the intentional mixing of ethnic African groups during the night the slaves would practice traditional rituals and religious activities These rituals brought slaves together and thus practices like voodoo Santeria and Candombl were created Due to the Enlightenment philosophers abolitionists and slave revolts the first two countries that abolished slavery were Great Britain and France then eventually in their colonies as well As the colonialist had hoped the slave trade was successful Regardless of the death of many slaves on the ships and from working the colonialists were able to generate a great amount of wealth of their workEventually there was a massive revolt led by colonialist that lead to the formation of Haiti in 1804 Later in 1848 slavery disagreed following the creation of a document promoting the abolition of slaves This documentary demonstrates the notion of colonialist of their superior complex Highlighted in the documentary is the apparent biological differences between Africans and Europeans to justify slavery which was simply based on physical characteristic differences Early in the documentary it was said that when the Africans were discovered they determined that they were physically built for intense work justifying the slave trade and slavery The revolt that happened later on shows that eventually the slaves felt that their situation as so terrible that it was need to be improved A fact not only realized by the slaves but by the colonialist who assisted them the philosophers of the enlightenment and the creator of the Decree of Abolition in April 27 2013There is no doubt that without the help of Africans foundations for countries in the Americas and the prosperity of European countries would not have been as apparent in the presentWEEK 7 LIBERALISM REVOLUTIONS SLAVE REVOLTS ABOLITIONREADING Jackson Maurice The rise of AbolitionMain takehome message of this reading can be summarized by the quote central theme of African American history is the struggle for freedom against oppressing class African slaves in the Americas were treated terribly from the moment of their first kidnap starting in 1441 by the Portugese even until they were granted freedom several hundred years later From the first journey across the Atlantic Ocean the middle passage African slaves resisted their oppressors Many slaves refused to eat or jumped overboard Also between the 18th and 19th century there were waves of revolts and revolutionaries in mainland colonies and the Caribbean
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