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Midterm

PHLB09H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Deontological Ethics, Reasonable Person


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHLB09H3
Professor
Kelin Emmett
Study Guide
Midterm

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Biomedical Ethics
Midterm Review
moral theories
Deontology
opposite to Utilitarianism
1. universability
2. people ought to be treated as ends
3. duty based
Utilitarianism
conflicts with intuition
cannot predict consequences
instrumental
care ethics
does not provide true guidance in hard situations
1. minimum or avoid harm
2. creating good relationships
four principles
1. beneficence
2. non-maleficence
3. autonomy
4. justice
rights to health care
rights imply entitlement
somebody has the obligation to fulfill
it is unclear, who is obligated to fulfill it
Nielson
argues for a right to healthcare
too general
universal
financial issues
does not allow for two-tiered systems
if basic needs are not met
no autonomy
Bucanan- argument is not rights-based
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