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Lecture 30,31, & 34 notes

8 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Lecture 30
Mood Disorders
-This is what keeps people from functioning actively, from permanent
members society.
-Disorders are leading causes of disability worldwide:
1.Major depression- mental
2.Iron-difiency anemia
3. Falls
4.Alcohol use- mental
5. Pulmonary disease
6. Bipolar mood disorder-mental
7. Congenital anomalies
8.Osteoarthritis
9.Schizophrenia- mental
10.Obsessive- compulsive disorders
Depression
-Defined as clinical syndrome that involves a combination of emotional,
cognitive and behavioral symptoms relating to overwhelming despair.
-Major depression, clinical depression, unipolar depression- extreme case of
depression
-Physical symptoms= fatigue, difficulty sleeping, change in appetite
-Behavioral symptoms= pacing, inactivity, stupor (lying in bed staring at the
ceiling, motionless, not engaging with life)
-Cognitive Symptoms (negative thoughts)= Guilt, feel worthless,
concentration problems, thoughts of suicide
-Feelings of despair are so overwhelming we begin to think suicide is the only
way out.
VIDEO ON MAJOR DEPRESSION
What is Major Depression?
-Mentions symptoms of depression mentioned above
-Testimonial on Margarita a mother and wife, case of depression
-Takes medicine
-Discuss her husbands absence at home, she says her husband spent more
time outside than at home
-Liked sleeping, thus liked nighttime. Was depressed during the day.
-Testimonial 2, Phillis, 64 years old.
-Felt depression on her 20s, but her symptoms were not taken into
consideration till 2 years before her 64th birthday. Undiagnosed for 40 years.
-She is happily married, considers her husband her best friend.
www.notesolution.com
-Majority of people think their depression is physically, but it comes in many
forms.
-Thought of committing suicide by trapping herself in the garage turning her
car on. Considered herself a bad mother, a bad wife, a bad friend. During her
attempt of suicide her husband came for her just in time.
-Victims of depression feel there is no way out.
Causes of Depression
Severe Life events
-Loss of important people and roles
Psychological Factors
-Cognitive responses (interpreting things that happen in life in a way that
reflects ones emotions)
-Learned helplessness (nothing you do makes a difference, there is no way
out, thus leaving you helpless
Biological Factors (heritable, runs in family)
-Abnormal neural transmission in the brain: hormonal levels
-Twin studies show high heritability
Mania
-Mania: Euphoric mood that varies from mild extreme (hypomania-very
positive about the world, can do anything)
-Can get you in trouble, can cause you to spend too much money, argument
with others
Symptoms
-Inflated self-esteem
-Decreased need for sleep
-Distractibility
-Talkativeness
-Thoughts race through head
-Most of the time it is known as a bipolar disorder
-Extreme energy precipitating into depression, resulting in bipolar mood
disorder.
VIDEO ON BIPOLAR DISORDER
What is Bipolar Disorder
-Rodney experiences mania episodes.
-Put on medicine lithium carbonate
-Rodneys parents noticed his strange symptoms; hed sit during breakfast
staring at trees.
www.notesolution.com
- Experienced a car accident, in which he believed he was Jesus because of his
survival.
- A hypomania person appears to have it all, seem perfect. Majority of
successful person have hypomania.
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
-Little is known about causes of mania.
This is what we know:
-Manic episodes tend to be preceded, weeks, earlier, by stressful life events.
-Patients who live in families that are hostile towards the disorder are more
likely to relapse.
-Some of the biological factors seem to be the same for unipolar and bipolar
mood disorders.
VIDEO ON TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION
Depression: Some Treatments
-Doctors prescribe anti-depressants SSRIs= Selective Serotonin Re-uptake
Inhibitor
- This treatment should be taken for 6 months,
-In 2005 news came out about a new procedure developed in Toronto to help
deeply depressed patients: Deep Brain Stimulation
-Pace maker inserted through the brain near the heart to reduce
activity in the front lobe of the brain.
Treatment of Mood Disorders
Medication:
-Depression
-Tricyclics such as Trofanil (in use since 1950s)
-SSRIs such as Prozac (present medications of choice)
-Can increase suicide possibilities in teenagers.
-Bipolar:
-Lithium Carbonate
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
-We do not know why ECT works but it helps case of deep depression.
Invasive with memory loss side effect.
Psychotherapy
-Psychotherapy applies particularly well to mood disorders.
-We will look at relevant psychotherapies in Chapter 18.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 30 Mood Disorders -This is what keeps people from functioning actively, from permanent members society. -Disorders are leading causes of disability worldwide: 1.Major depression- mental 2.Iron-difiency anemia 3. Falls 4.Alcohol use- mental 5. Pulmonary disease 6. Bipolar mood disorder-mental 7. Congenital anomalies 8.Osteoarthritis 9.Schizophrenia- mental 10.Obsessive- compulsive disorders Depression -Defined as clinical syndrome that involves a combination of emotional, cognitive and behavioral symptoms relating to overwhelming despair. -Major depression, clinical depression, unipolar depression- extreme case of depression -Physical symptoms= fatigue, difficulty sleeping, change in appetite -Behavioral symptoms= pacing, inactivity, stupor (lying in bed staring at the ceiling, motionless, not engaging with life) -Cognitive Symptoms (negative thoughts)= Guilt, feel worthless, concentration problems, thoughts of suicide -Feelings of despair are so overwhelming we begin to think suicide is the only way out. VIDEO ON MAJOR DEPRESSION What is Major Depression? -Mentions symptoms of depression mentioned above -Testimonial on Margarita a mother and wife, case of depression -Takes medicine -Discuss her husbands absence at home, she says her husband spent more time outside than at home -Liked sleeping, thus liked nighttime. Was depressed during the day. -Testimonial 2, Phillis, 64 years old. -Felt depression on her 20s, but her symptoms were not taken into th consideration till 2 years before her 64 birthday. Undiagnosed for 40 years. -She is happily married, considers her husband her best friend. www.notesolution.com
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