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PSYC12H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 32 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
PSYC12H3
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYC12 Lecture notes
Lecture 01. Introduction
Martin Luther King jr. dreamed of a day when people of all colours and creeds would be
judged as equals
Is Prejudice still around?
Rwandan Genocide
o In the early to mid 90s
o Some say this genocide had the fastest more rapid number of death than
any other genocide (including world war II and the holocaust)
o An estimate of 100 thousand people dead in 100 day
o Culturally the two groups involved in this genocide were similar
Indonesian Riots
o Early 2000s
o Rioting because the economy was poor
o Rioting was not indiscriminate, certain stores were damaged more than
others, and these certain stores were of Chinese descent owners and not
the Muslim/Hindu owned stores
o There was a selection, a bias about wo was being targeted and who was
not being targeted
Houston suburb opposes plan for mosque (2006)
Neighbour threatens to hold pig races just to offend Muslims
Intend to offend
Symbolic racism
Dec 7, 2006: KATY, Texas (AP) - A plan to build a mosque in this Houston
suburb has triggered a neighbourhood dispute, with community members warning
the place will become a terrorist hotbed and one man threatening to hold pig races
on Fridays just to offend the Muslims.
Many neighbourhood residents claim they have nothing against Muslims and are
more concerned about property values, drainage and traffic
Prejudice still around?
Ex. The character "rue" from the hunger games
Many readers of the book pictured this character as a white in their heads while
reading, even though it was clearly stated in the book that Rue was a dark skin
toned character
o "Why does rue have to be black gonna lie kinda ruined the movie."
o “Ok call me racist but when I found out rue was black her death wasn't as
sad. #ihatemyself."
o "Awkward moment when Rue is some black girl and not the little blonde
innocent girl you picture."
Ex. PK Subban hockey player, who used to be on the Montreal Canadians,
He was a really good player but people would always criticize him
He was black and so he got extra criticism
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PSYC12 Lecture notes
o "Not the way a hockey player should act"
o "He celebrates too much"
We're closer
We're getting better than we were 50 years ago
We live in a post racial era
Ex. Obama as a black president
o If attitudes haven't changed, we wouldn't have gotten this far
Think!
Define:
o Stereotype:
Schema about people/groups
Generalizations
Can be either positive or negative
*Refers to a cognition, it's a picture in your head that you have
about a group of people with a set of characteristics and traits
o Prejudice:
Construal/attitude
Valence feelings
An evaluation of groups based on stereotypes
*Is an affect, an emotion, an evaluation positive or negative of
whether I like that group maybe based on stereotypes
o Discrimination:
Difference in treatment based on traits
Can be positive or negative
It’s a behaviour
*Its an action towards a different group based on some trait,
attribute or even a prejudice
Defining our Terms
Stereotype: A set of attributes & traits associated with a group of people (social
category).
o Might lead to generalizations based on an individuals group membership
Prejudice: Biased evaluation of a group based on the traits associated with that
group.
o Bias is based on some preference, may be unfair
Discrimination: Negative behaviour towards someone based on their group
membership.
o Giving people benefits based on the group they are apart of and not to the
rest is a form of positive discrimination
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