RLGA02H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Babylonian Captivity, Julius Wellhausen, Torah

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Religion
Course
RLGA02H3
Professor
Religion Study Notes:
JUDAISM
Apocalypse: the final battle between the forces of darkness and
light, can otherwise been seen as the ending of one stage of
lifestyle with the prospect of starting a new stage. The essense
were believed to be a priestly group who followed the
teachings of “The Righteous Teacher” and were a sect in the
Hebrew society. They anticipated the apocalypse and had left
Jerusalem after the acceptance of an unwanted member into
the circle to prepare for the battle.
^Was also preached by Jesus during the rise of Christianity and
urged people to admit to their sins as radical change was soon
approaching
^Also comparable to Eschatology; the study of the end of time,
no battles, looks at thoughts on afterlife and the judgement
from God to an individual
Berith: the Hebrew term for the word “covenant”, otherwise
known as a contract. The covenant was where the religious
aspect was centered around; it was the formal agreement
between God and his people. It was expected that, in return for
obeying his word, God would grant his people safety.
^An example is seen with Abraham and God, where Abraham is
to follow God’s will and in return he and his people would be
granted the land of Canaan
^refer to theme of obedience/disobedience &
rewards/punishment
Documentary Hypothesis: otherwise known as “Wellhausen’s
Theory” after Julius Wellhausen. From a scholars perspective,
the Pentateuch was written in many different styles and the
settings and writings seemed to be from different time periods.
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Wellhausen came up with the theory that there were 4 major
sources from which the material making up the Pentateuch
came from making it a composite creation
Each source given represent a written interpretation of an oral
tradition
The J source; this source used the name Yaweh for god
in its text, and emphasizes the role of Abraham
The E source; used the term Elohist to refer to god and
claimed that the sacred mountain was mount horeb not Sinai
The D source; from the word Deuteronomy otherwise
known as the book of law; this source governs people’s
morality as its central idea revolves around rewards and
punishment
The P source; the priestly source was thought to be the
later contributions to the Pentateuch and hold the blueprints
necessary to restore the sacred Temple.
Diaspora: The Jews were scattered outside of plestine during
the Babylonian Exile
^similar to the way Adam and Eve were exiled out of the
Garden of Eden
Eschatology: can be seen as the study of the end, because the
Jewish bible didn’t give any thoughts on what happened to an
individual after death. There were no thoughts on an afterlife
existing because there was no real distinction between the
body and the soul; thus there was no reason for thoughts on
the soul being able to exist after a person died. What mattered
more was living through ones descendants and carrying on the
lineage. It was believed that after death an individual would be
in Sheol, a place of isolation from God (similar the Hades, in
Greek) where weakness existed and it was not seen as heaven
or hell.
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^In Christianity Eschatology perceived the afterlife as being a
place where one of resurrected for god to give judgement as to
whether or not they should be sent to heaven or hell.
The Exile: The transition from the ancient Hebrew religion to
Judaism and Jews. During this time period (6th century),
Hebrew leaders were sent into exile, the cult of an ancient
kingdom was now progressing into a religious heritage. There
were social and religious changes that followed. The Jews were
a minority population and had dispersed, life was more urban
which meanth that agricultural rituals now needed to be
rethought/revised. The bigger impact was on the temple,
worshipping was now more congregational and during this
time the synagogue was created.
Exodus: The Exodus was the story of how the Israelites left
Egypt after being put through slavery. It focuses on the
connection between God and Moses. In the story, God request
that Moses asks the pharaoh to release him and his people;
upon denial, God then sends a plague on the people of Egypt
but spares moses and his people. Moses then leads the
Israelites across the Yam Suf
^the story of the Exodus can be seen as a metaphor now for all
Jews as the transition from slavery to freedom, everyone in the
Jewish culture can identify with this story with the celebration
of Passover
Menorah: The menorah is a seven branched candle that was
seen in most jewish household, it eventually became a symbol
of the culture before the six pointed star, the 9 branched candle
stick is used in Hanukah
Messiah: The term messiah, during the Hellenistic times,
referred to a king or prophet that would eventually lead Israel
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Document Summary

Apocalypse: the final battle between the forces of darkness and light, can otherwise been seen as the ending of one stage of lifestyle with the prospect of starting a new stage. The essense were believed to be a priestly group who followed the teachings of the righteous teacher and were a sect in the. Jerusalem after the acceptance of an unwanted member into the circle to prepare for the battle. ^was also preached by jesus during the rise of christianity and urged people to admit to their sins as radical change was soon approaching. ^also comparable to eschatology; the study of the end of time, no battles, looks at thoughts on afterlife and the judgement from god to an individual. Berith: the hebrew term for the word covenant , otherwise known as a contract. The covenant was where the religious aspect was centered around; it was the formal agreement between god and his people.

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