CLA219H1 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Lex Julia, Apollonius Of Rhodes, Lefkada
TERMS FOR TEST ONE
Anadyomene: **(rising up out of the water...Aphrodite rising)
ab ovo: ...latin for starting a story at the beginning...at the egg
Sept 11, 2012
Actium (battle of): The final war of the Roman Republic on September 2nd, 31BC. Cleopatra and
Anthony are defeated by Octavian.
hieros gamos: refers to a sexual ritual that plays out a marriage between a god and a goddess, especially
when enacted in a symbolic ritual where human participants represent the deities. It is the
harmonization of opposites.
Hymn: A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of praise,
adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or
personification. The word hymn derives from Greek ὕμνοσ (hymnos), which means "a song of praise."
iambic poetry: Iambus (sometimes confusingly referred to as "iambic poetry") was a genre of ancient
Greek poetry that included but was not restricted to the iambic meter and whose origins modern
scholars have traced to the cults of Demeter and Dionysus. The genre featured insulting and obscene
language and sometimes it is referred to as "blame poetry".
Invective: To make fun of...
Misogyny: The hatred of women
Myth: a sacred narrative usually explaining how the world or humankind came to be in its present form
Sept 18, 2012
ab ovo: Latin for starting the story at the beginning
Argonautica: The Argonautica (also Argonautika) (Greek: Ἀργοναυτικά) is a Greek epic poem written by
Apollonius Rhodius in the 3rd century BC. The only surviving Hellenistic epic, the Argonautica tells the
myth of the voyage of Jason and the Argonauts to retrieve the Golden Fleece from remote Colchis. Their
heroic adventures and Jason's relationship with the Colchian princess/sorceress Medea were already
well known to Hellenistic audiences, which enabled Apollonius to go beyond a simple narrative, giving it
a scholarly emphasis suitable to the times.
Barbarian: Anyone not Greek
Comedy: Any discourse meant to amuse
Didactic: Art to entertain and instruct
Encomium: To give praise to someone or something
epic/epos: A story with Heroic characters on grand journeys and adventures
Palinode: Retracting a statement in a poem
Potiphar’s wife motif:
Joseph, sold into slavery by his brothers, is taken to Egypt where he is sold to Potiphar as a household
slave. Potiphar makes Joseph the head of his household, but Potiphar's wife, furious at Joseph for
resisting her attempts to seduce him into sleeping with her, accuses him falsely of attempting to rape
her. Potiphar casts Joseph into prison, where he comes to the notice of Pharaoh through his ability to
interpret the dreams of other prisoners.
Tragedy: Tragedy (Ancient Greek: τραγῳδία, tragōidia, "he-goat-song") is a form of drama based on
human suffering that invokes in its audience an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in the viewing.
Sept 25, 2012
Androgynous: Combination of masculine and feminine characteristics
Apotropaic: A type of magic used to ward off evil...ex. The evil eye, etc.
Discourse: Written and spoken communications
Erastes: The aggressive lover, also know as a Philetor
Eromenos: The passive or subordinate lover
Herm: A roadside stone shrine to Hermes
Hermaphrodite: Sexual organs of both male and female...or not distinguishable as either
Hetaera: In ancient Greece, hetaerae (singular play /hɪˈtaɪrə/, plural play /hɪˈtaɪriː/; in Greek ἑταῖραι,
hetairai) were courtesans—highly educated, sophisticated companions. Despite the fact that most
engaged in sexual relations with their patrons, hetaerae were not simple prostitutes.
lex Iulia de adulteriis coercendis: The law of adultery being punishable through exile
Pederasty: Pedophiles...a like of males between youth and before puberty...sans facial hair, etc.
Phallus: A symbol of the penis...male power
Porne: From Pornai...prostitution of young men and women to mainly male clientele
tintinnabulum (plural: -a): A wind chime with a phallic shape
October 01, 2012
Agalmatophilia: Paraphilia (sexual attraction) to statues, dolls, etc. Pygmalion is an example of this
Archaic smile: 6th Century BC to create a sense of aliveness in statues, etc.
carpe diem: Make use of
Elegy: A mournful poem, funeral song, or lament for the dead
Epigram: A brief, interesting, and sometimes satirical statement
Epitaph: A short text honouring the dead on a tombstone
Kore: A representation of female youth, usually a statue
Kouros: A representation of male youth, usually
memento mori: Remember your mortality
Mimiamboi: Short, dramatic scenes in verse, the Alexandrain way
mimos (mime): scenes in popular life, written in the language of the people, vigorous with sexual
proverbs such as we get in other reflections of that region
Olisbos: a dildo
Paraklausithyron: "lament beside a door" love poetry...troubadour style.
Peplos: Classical period (500BC) garment of women in Ancient Greece. Think of the toga.
Polychromy: Mutli-colouring of statues
Second Sophistic: Greek cultural of the 2nd and 3rd century BC. Rhetorical devices used to educate the
public...Dio, Herodes, and Plutarch are good examples.
Skoptic: Latin for satire
Vetula: An old woman
October 09, 2012
Epithalamium: "Upon" and "Chamber". A poem written for the bride on the way to her bedchamber.
Leucadian cliff: The cliff where Sapho wanted to fling herself from after being shunned by her lover
Ambracia’s the land to be sought by you.
Apollo on the heights watches the open sea:
summoning the people of Actium and Leucadia.
Here Deucalion, fired by love of Pyrrha, cast himself down,
and struck the sea without harming his body.
Without delay love turned and fled, from his slowly sinking
breast: Deucalion was eased of his passion.
The place obeys that law. Seek out the Leucadian height
right away, and don’t be afraid to leap from the rock!
Pasted from <http://www.poetryintranslation.com/PITBR/Latin/Heroides8-15.htm#_Toc524696652>
Palimpsest: A scroll or book where the writing can be scraped off and written off again.
Tribade: The sexual position of scissoring
Achilles: Greek hero of the Trojan war in the Iliad.
Agamemnon: In Greek mythology, Agamemnon (English pronunciation: /æɡəˈmɛmɒn/; Ancient Greek:
Ἀγαμζμνων; modern Greek: Αγαμζμνονασ, "very steadfast") was the son of King Atreus and Queen
Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra, and the father of Electra
and Orestes. Mythical legends make him the king of Mycenae or Argos, thought to be different names
for the same area. When Helen, the wife of Menelaus, was abducted by Paris of Troy, Agamemnon
commanded the united Greek armed forces in the ensuing Trojan War.
Apollonius of Rhodes: Writer of the Argonautica…3rd Century BC.
Aristophanes: 3rd-4th century BC comic playwright
Baubo: Shows her genitals to Demeter to make her laugh after she has lost Persephone.
Clytemnestra: The wife who kills Agamemnon in the Iliad...one of the children of Zeus and Leda.
Dioscuri: Castor the son of Tyndarius and Pollux the son of Zeus, both eggs from Leda and twins.
Eris: Goddess of chaos
Eros: Son of Aphrodite...Greek God of Love