NMC277H1 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sunni Islam, Sept, Pope Gregory Viii

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Chronology
622 – Prophet Muhammad (s) migration to Medina
630 – taking of Mecca
632 – Death of Prophet Muhammad (s)
- 634: Abu Bakr as first Caliph
634 – 644: Umar ibn Al Khattab 2nd caliph – Early Islamic conquests
644 – 656: Uthman 3rd caliph
656- 661 – Ali ibn Abi Talib as 4th Caliph
661 – 750 – The Ummayads
- 680: Karabala – Husayn dies
750 – Abbasid revolution
833 – 842: Al Mutassim
945 – 1055: Shii Century
975 – Fatimids - Al Aziz
1040 – Great Saljuqs – Tughril
1071 – Battle of Manzikert
1072 – reign of Malik Shah
1081 – 1302: Seljuks of Rum
1092 – death of Malik shah and Nizam al Mulk
- 1107 – rule of Qilij Arsalan
1094 – death of Fatimid Caliph Al Mustansir and Abbasid Calipj Al Muqtadi
1095 – Council of Piacenza
1096 – proclamation of First Crusade by pope urban II at the council of Clermont.
- 1097: Arrrival of the armies of the crusades at Constantinople
- 1102 : first crusade
1097 – - Battle of Nicaea
battle of Doryleum
- 1098: Siege of Antioch
1099 – Jerusalem fell to the crusaders and godfrey of Bouillon elected first Frankish ruler of
Jerusalem.
1104 – harran battle
1109 – Tripoli falls to franks
1114 - battle of marrat
1115 – danith battle
1119 – battle of Balat
1118 - The Seljuqs – Mahmud
1127 – Zengids – Imad addin Zengi
1144 – fall of Edessa
1146 – Nur addin – till 1174
1169 – The Ayyubids in Egypt – Saladin
1101 – final wave of armies of the First Crusade defeated by the Turks in Asia Minor
1105- 1118: Sultan Muhammad Tapar
1119 – Battle of Field of Blood/ Balat
1124 – tyre captured by Franks
1129 – crusaders attacked Jerusalem
1144 – Zengi took Edessa (fall of Edessa)
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