From the conquest to la survivance: to sustain the french culture under british rule, the quebec act of 1774 was passed, allowing the. French to retain their language, religion, and legal traditions in return for not joining the. American revolution against the english: the growing power of the provincial state over time coupled with increasing demands for greater self-determination on the part of some quebecers has been essential feature of the story of. The implication is clear: since quebec is the homeland of the vast majority of french canadians, what this theory really means is the constitutional change in canada requires the agreement of the. The compact theory reflects the conception of canadian society noted by siegfried. Lord durham"s characterization of canada as two nations warring in the bosom of a single state, and several quebec premiers. This is a conception known as dualism. Thus the theory had considerable appeal among both elites and the masses in quebec.