SOC101Y1 Study Guide - Flight Attendant, In Vitro Fertilisation

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25 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor
2012-01-11 Sociology
Gender Inequality
Movie #1 Rosies of the North
- Women came into the Canadian workforce mainly due to the socio-political forces
(usually war). They were dismissed after the war. Since then, there has been an ongoing
tension between men and women in the workforce and in the society
Movie #2 Service in the Sky
- Problem of race (the African-American waiter serving flight attendants), class (who could
afford to take the airplane and even the class of women that could apply to become a
flight attendant), and gender( main focus- flight attendant and the service sector. Pink
job?) apparent in the movie.
In Canada,
- Women earn less than men even if they work at the same workplace and hold the same
job
- There is no occupation where women earn more than men
- Women earn ~71% of what men earn for full-year, full time work $= 1(men): 0.71(women)
- For women who are university graduates, they earn slightly more (~74%)
- Canada has the largest wage gap between women and men in the 29 developed
countries
- The major factor for the inequality: presence of children
- Even when womens poverty rate is at its lowest, 1 out of 7 women live below the poverty
line in the wealthiest countries in the world.
Four Social Mechanisms that Reinforce Gender Inequality
Job discrimination
- Microsoft employed about 1000 workers. They hired 2 women executives in order to get
an air force contract. Bill Gates said that hiring women is beneficial because they can pay
half of the wages and give female workers craft work.
- Women were fired when they got married until it was stopped in 1955. And it was not
refused until 1967.
- More % of women on the job, the lower the wages are.
Occupational Segregation
- Pink jobs/ blue jobs: women‟s jobs like office work and sales representative/ men‟s job like
factory work and engineering.
Incomparable Worth
- Skills required to perform jobs that are held by women pays less than skills that are
required by men to hold jobs
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