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Department
Geography
Course
Geography 2144A/B
Professor
Terry Webb
Semester
Fall

Description
Geography of Tourism Exam Concepts and Constructs • 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 Week Two: The Visitor • are all tourists the same? • what are some of the key: ◦ similarities ◦ differences • why is it useful and/or important to measure demand? how have patterns of tourism demand changed? why? Week Three: The Host • So what is it like to live in a tourist location after the tourists have gone? • When the season is over, what is left? • Are there differences between: ◦ living in a tourist place that was built around tourism (e.g. Las Vegas or Orlando) ◦ from a location that happens to host tourism but has a life outside tourism (e.g. the English West Country, Niagara on the Lake or the Muskokas)? • Do tourists and locals have the same perspective? ◦ consider the development of a new marina ◦ the development or expansion of "mainstreet" ◦ the addition of a big box store e.g Wal Mart • If tourist season demands one level of services, what happens to those services in off- season? How does our text consider the topic of tourism "hosts"? Week four: Motivations • What motivates us to go where we go and why? • Why are some spaces and places attractive to some and less appealing to others? • What are the most popular tourist destinations? Why? • Identify a tourist destination you want to visit? o What is the primary reason you wish to go there? o Is this the same motivation or different for another destination? o Is your choice of destination:  Place dependent?  Space dependent? • 9  People dependent?  Independent of any of these?  Influenced by....what? Week Five: Attraction 3 main types of attraction: • Cultural • Natural • Entertainment oriented • Top 25 Most Visited Tourist Attractions in N..America Cultural and heritage • Indigenous • Colonial and nationalistic • Frontier • Immigrant • Industrial • Example: York, Pennsylvania • Gettysburg • Harley Davidson • Lancaster County Nature based • Ecotourism • Wildlife viewing • National and State parks • Example: • Monterey Bay Aquarium • Arches N.P. Entertainment Based • Casinos and gambling • Las Vegas • Amusement Parks • Theme parks are Fun • Disney Orlando • Seaside resorts and Beach Based • Religious and Pilgrimage • Graceland • 10 • 9/11 WTC • Dakota Building Week Six: Infrastructures Infrastructure: Transportation • Rail • Rails to trails • Road • Highways: interstates, motorways • Scenic drives • Air • Hubs • Cruises • Ports • Destinations and patterns • Carnival Legend, W. Caribbean, March 2010 Infrastructure: accommodation • Mix • Capacity • Location • Character • Why chains? • Target demographic • Orlando, Florida March 2009 Week Seven: Activities Time and opportunity: • as a tourist, what do we do while we are away? • are there activities that cause you to become a tourist? • are there other activities you only enjoy whilst a tourist? • what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas: why? how does our choice of activities affect our tourist behavior and choices? Week 8 : Spatial and Temporal characteristics Tourism as a Business • Should tourism be defined as: • “...a production process involving a distinct product and identifiable inputs” ? (p. 126) • Since tourism’s final product is the experience itself, the consumer • 11 must be involved in creating the experience: how does this affect tourism as a business? • What sectors of the economy can be directly affected by tourism as an economic activity? Tourisms economic significance • What actions can assist tourism in addressing income inequalities? • Why might tourism be an effective means for wealth redistribution at a national level but not so at a regional scale? • Can income redistribution be achieved without government intervention, i.e. will redistribution of wealth to poorer areas result from market forces alone? • What these questions do not explore is the axiomatic constructs framing these questions: • Is wealth distribution a problem? Why? • Is wealth equality a desirable goal? Why? • Is government intervention desirable in the tourist sector? Why? • What aspects of tourism result in greater local and regional economic benefits? Week Nine: Impacts of Tourism As with any endeavour, tourism has both an effect and an affect on the landscape, the host community and on visitors. These changes can be environmental, social and/or cultural.. Using comparative examples from our collective experiences and world views, we are going to consider these changes, discussing such aspects as: • scale • frequency • duration • probability • tractability • mitigation, and • perception • Tourism has both an effect and an affect on the landscape, the host community and on visitors. • These changes can be environmental, social and/or cultural. • Using comparative examples from our collective experiences and world views, discuss: • scale • 12 • frequency • duration • probability • tractability • mitigation, and • perception • Urban v. Rural Impacts • Types of city • Resorts • Tourist historic • Converted • The Tourist bubble • Rural • attractions • amenities • Spaces • For budding scientists • Holy places • A dose of culture • Compare and contrast tourism in the USA to other places Time and opportunity • as a tourist, what do we do while we are away? • are there activities that cause you to become a tourist? • are there other activities you only enjoy whilst a tourist? • what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas: why? • how does our choice of activities affect our tourist behaviour and choices? Week Ten: Development and Management Evolution or Resolution? • Has the development of tourism in the USA been similar or different to those of other landscapes? • How? • Why? • Is the development of tourism a function of government policy and planning? • Or is it a product of entrepreneurial vision? • What are some examples to support your contention? • 13 • see Chapter 2: evolution Through Time • and Chapter 3: the Institutional Setting • Two possible organizers: • 15 Cs framework • STEEP model Week Eleven: Marketing • How is Tourism sold? • Sun • Sea • Sand • Sex • Sounds like Margaritaville • Carnival Cruise • Fun Ships • Cruise Critic • Attractions • Motivations • Facilitated • Self-directed • Implications of the internet? Week Twelve: Expectations and Experiences • Trends and future of tourism • Tourism development reflects: • Natural heritage • Cultural heritage • Opportunities and development • Your dream vacations • Places • Spaces • Reflections • Uniqueness of USA tourism • Size and diversity • History and timing • Independence and self-determination • Lack of targeted government interference • Overall small impact on national economy • Omipresent • 14 • Changes/ Impacts • Safety and security • Ease of travel, border issues • Freedom and mobility • Tourism as a basic human right • Gl
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