[Sociology 2240E] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 128 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 30 Mar 2017
School
Western University
Department
Sociology
Course
Sociology 2240E
Western
Sociology 2240E
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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April 1st, 2015
Last Week Bourdieu
- His work on habitus and the forms of capital are forms of critiquing Durkheim’s idea of
inheritance
- He is struggling to deal with the problem of agency and structure
- He is on the structure side everything that he talks about seems to indicate that we are
reactors within the social process
Habitus
1) Economic Capital
2) Cultural Capital formed in our minds at the age of 5
- Distinguishing themselves from others
- Involved in the reproduction of social class
- Cultural capital is fundamentally important in the nature of social stratification
- Not just money but through the tastes we have
- We enter into various fields and compete with one another
Cultural capital social capital = opportunities for people Symbolic Capital
*Social Class reproduction
- Doesn't care about the individual being successful but the overall product of the social world
- Getting rid of inheritance doesn't change anything
Symbolic Capital:
- Characteristics that held within the individual
- People who are thoughtful, brilliant and impressive
- People like this have an advantage in the contests going on
- Person who is more popular example
- All it really is, is disguised cultural, economic and social capital denied as capital
(camouflage it's a package)
- If you have symbolic capital you have symbolic power**
Symbolic Power = Effective win higher status distinguishable from others
- If everything is predictable then there is no agency
- Agency requires the proof that something happened that cannot be required
- Is there anything in the person that can be “agentic”?
- Giddens: agent and agency (two types of consciousness)
- Dispursive consciousness ability to speak and think?
Symbolic Capital + Symbolic Power = (capable of) Symbolic Violence
- An act of symbolic violence is any verbal act that leads to the misrecognition of reality
or/and conceals the unequal distribution of power in the social world
- Implicit acts of symbolic violence suck in the listener and the speaker
- The person who commits the act doesn't even see it or understand it (both duped)
Bourdieu A War of Words
- Agency comes from not knowing the outcome of something
- May not be reasonable thought of
- Us not Me that is responsible for agency
- No one person is able to be agentic it takes 2
Education System
- Thinking about the European Continent
- What he says in relation to SS
- A law is being perpetrated of symbolic violence
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- Education is not about intelligence
- Who is deciding whos cultural capital is better than other forms of cultural capital
distinction
Marx talks about the future that has ought to be
- wins on the basis of hypothetical moral facts
- Every point of view is an act of symbolic violence never fully informed about the reality
you are speaking of
- That is why relativism is so popular (mine vs your POV)
- Every act has symbolic violence
- Except when the argument is this ought to be the case if you can argue it with facts
you find a truthful disagreement
- Truth is not independent of social influence
- Power of the ruling class to define the ideas of society
- Truth isn’t out there unless we all agree that it is
Truth is an act of symbolic violence
GEORGE MEAD everything is about meaning
- He is about meaning
- How do we communicate with eachother?
- Everyone needs to think the same way for it to be known
- To know anything it is to have a sense of meaning
- At the base of all knowledge is the sense of meaning
- Has to bounce it off someone to understand if it makes sense
- Implication meaning depends upon the response of the other
- “I cant know anything… WE can”
- Failure to share meaning
- Brain pathology can exist but not mental illness.. WHY?
- Subject/object (must be able to split self with this in order to speak with self)
- Whatever we are we will have to differentiate between subject and object
- If the person acts correctly after you ask them something you know that they understand
- How does something have an intention to be understood
- What do you have to know??
An outcome?
In order to have an intention you have to know that you are an object in the
perpetual feel of the other
Therefore you are an object in YOUR OWN perceptual feel
- The mind = an internal dialogue but cant consist without language conversation of
symbols
- Shared symbolic acts get repeated
- Society only exists because we are successful at repeating shared symbolic acts
- Gesture: non symbolic non intended act, stimulus response (no consciousness of
reflexivity behind it)
- Symbolic Communication: Communicating with the intent to convey meaning
- Is the meaning shared, true??
Must have SUBJECT/OBJECT INTENTION with PROBABLE MEANING
Third Component of Mead’s Trilogy: What is the Self?
- We are born with selves
- Born with self BUT NOT born with a self concept
- Body matures but self concept develops
- You were dumped into a symbolic universe
- You have a self right away because the people in the universe see you as a self
- How do you join the universe???
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Document Summary

Sense of self is highly contextualized at some point the play stage encounters a disaster frustration instead of adaptation (occurs in peer groups. When you generalize from the experience you start to understand yourself as. If you understand a role you understand the relationship someone who can move across social circumstances. Weber not interested in methodology, focused on solving substantive problems which methods would develop from that. He saw a link between sociology & history sociology dealt with development of clear concepts so he could perform a causal analysis of historical phenomena (historical sociologist). Weber"s thinking based on debate about history & science: positivists said history like a natural science (nomothetic) & subjectivists say science/history completely different (idiographic). Weber"s view: history composed of unique empirical events---there can be no generalizations at empirical level--- reduction of empirical reality into laws is meaningless. His view emphasizes both individuality & generality.