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Visual Arts History 1040 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Aphaea, Entablature, Polykleitos

Visual Arts History
Course Code
VAH 1040
Cody Barteet
Study Guide

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Megaron: A “great room” or large audience
hall in a Mycenaean Greek ruler’s residence.
I.e. The Mycenae Citadel.
Relieving triangle: (relieving arch) A relieving triangle is a
space (usually triangular) above a lintel in megalithic
architecture to relieve the weight of the masonry.
I.e. Lion Gate at the entrance to the Mycenae Citadel
Dromos: An avenue or passage leading into an ancient
Greek temple or tomb, especially one between rows of
columns or statues. I.e. Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae,
Repoussé: A technique of hammering metal from the back
to create a protruding image. Elaborate reliefs are created
with wooden armatures against which the metal sheets are
pressed and hammered. I.e. Crucifixion with Angels and
Mourning Figures.
Poleis: (plural of polis) A city state in ancient Greece,
especially as considered in its ideal form for philosophical
purposes. I.e. The Acropolis, Athens
Amphora: an ancient Greek jar for storing oil or wine, with
an egg shaped body and two handles. I.e. Exekias Ajax and
Achilles Playing a Game
Naos/cella: The principle interior room in a Greek or
Roman temple within which the cult statue was usually
housed. I.e. The Temple of Hera I
Peristyle: a surrounding colonnade in Greek architecture. A
peristyle building is surrounded on the exterior by a
colonnade. Also: a peristyle court is an open colonnaded
courtyard, often having a pool and garden. I.e. The Temple
of Hera I
Colonnade: a row of columns supporting a straight lintel or
a series of arches. I.e. The Parthenon
Entablature: In the classical orders, the horizontal
elements above the columns and capitols. The entablature
consists of (from top to bottom) a cornice, frieze and
architrave. I.e. The Parthenon
Pediment: A triangular gable found over major
architectural elements, such as Classical Greek porticoes,
windows, or doors. Formed by an entablature and the ends
of a sloping roof or a raking cornice. I.e. The Temple of
Aphaia, Aegina
Entasis: a slight swelling in the shaft of a Greek column
that gives the building a sense of energy and upward lift.
I.e. The Parthenon
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