ES391 Study Guide - Final Guide: Nonverbal Communication, Hyperthermia, Niche Differentiation

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16 Aug 2016
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Chapter 1
Wildlife Management: Balance the needs of wildlife and the needs of people using the best
available science.
Commission of Conservation Canada: Commission of Conservation, established 1909 to
provide Canadian governments with the most up-to-date scientific advice on the
CONSERVATION of human and natural resource
Migratory Birds Treaty and Acts: Federal act signed by Canada and the US in 1916 to protect
migratory birds
Extinction: Complete elimination of a species from the planet
NGOs: Non Governmental Organizations
Restoration Ecology: It is the scientific study supporting the practice of ecological restoration,
which is the practice of renewing and restoring degraded, damaged, or destroyed ecosystems
and habitats in the environment by active human intervention and action.
Species: group of living organisms of similar individual capable of exchanging genes or
interbreeding
Predator Control: The deliberate elimination of predators such as bears, cougars, and wolves
because of their perceived impacts on sport and agricultural animals.
How did wildlife management emerge as a professional and regulatory activity?
Early 20th century in North America.
Based on the examples what are some methods and tools of wildlife management and who is
involved in it?
Pest control, game keeping, conservation, utilizing mathematics, chemistry, biology and
geography
What are the elements of successful wildlife management?
Federal/Provincial Government, Citizens, NGOS,
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Chapter 2:
Ecosystem: a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
Predator – prey: Relationship between a hunter and the hunted. Affects population
Territoriality: Non verbal communication to communicate ownership or occupant of areas and
possessions
Resource partitioning: When species divide niche to avoid competition for scare resources.
Nutrient deficiencies: Deficient of vitamins, Calcium, Vitamin D, Potassium, Iron B12, Folate,
Magnesium,
Buffer species: Plant or animal that becomes an alternate prey to a predator that typically
feeds on another species.
Population: Inhabitants of a particular region
Adaptation: Trait with a current functional role is life is maintained and evolved by means of
natural selection
Heat stress
Density-dependence: Population growth rates are regulated by the desnity of the population.
Could require a certain population for reproduction. Often with microbiology
Succession: Process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time
Carrying capacity: the number of people, other living organisms, or crops that a region can
support without environmental degradation.
Energy flows: Flow of energy throughout the ecosystem.
Behavioral response: Range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals in conjunction to
the environment or physical environment
Biodiversity: attention on non-game wildlife which have traditionally been neglected in wildlife
management's focus on game species
Mate selection
Nutrient cycles: Movement and exchange of organic and inorganic matter back into the
production of living matter.
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