PS280 Study Guide - Final Guide: Public Health, Medical Diagnosis

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14 Aug 2019
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CHAPTER 18: PREVENTION
Prevention: primary, secondary, tertiary
-primary/prevention: targets people before they show symptoms of a disorder to prevent it
-secondary: early treatment, targets those who have begun to show symptoms to stop full blown
disorder from emerging
-tertiary/rehabilitation: targets those who have the disorder, help minimize disorder's impact
Altering exposure
-altering exposure: keep person away from risky situation/reduce involvement in riskier aspects
-altering the risk: changing it in some way to minimize effects
Reactive treatment
-responding to illness once symptoms have already begun
-proactive: taking measures against illness from appearing in first place
Prevention programs
High-risk/selective: targets vulnerable individuals on basis of external characteristics (divorced
parents) or internal characteristics (cogntitive vulnerability to depression) before they
potentially develop disorder; Abecedarian, Head Start, Prenatal Early Infancy Projects
Universal: target all individuals in a specific geographic area or setting
Indicated/early prevention: target participants who show mild/early-developing mental health
problems (ex young children showing antisocial behaviour)
-indicated/early prevention previously called secondary prevention and universal/selective
called primary prevention
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