PS390 Study Guide - Final Guide: Human Science, Critical Inquiry, Vitalism

17 views2 pages
14 Aug 2019
Naturalism: understanding reality in natural not supernatural terms, only use sensory processes to
gain knowledge, use secular terms for description
Materialism: the only reality is matter, can be adopted with naturalism
Mechanism: body and mind constitute one material substance that obeys the mechanical
natural/scientific laws
Vitalism: life processes cannot be reduced to material mechanisms, the life force or soul must be
included. Matter is incapable of self generation or motion
Idealism: ultimate reality is not material but mental, rationalists were idealists
Explain the terms ‘Psychology’, ‘History’, ‘History of Psychology’, ‘Philosophy’, and
‘Critical History of Psychology’.
Psychology: a modern discipline as a science and profession
-psychological subject matter with ancient roots, practised in diverse cultures through
philosophical inquiry or self-reflection
-in Anglo-America, it is the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes while
accounting for social, developmental, clinical, and biological factors
-human science (subjectivity, personal experience) vs natural science (prediction, control)
History: the study and interpretation of the past from multiple perspectives to understand their
-historical knowledge informs the future; includes people, events, norms, ideas etc that
characterizes or happened during a certain time in the past
History of psychology: how psychology as a discipline came to be; was simply a part of
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.