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Test Five Vocabulary.docx

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PSYC 1010
Heather Jenkin

TEST FIVE: TEXTBOOK VOCABULARY + DEFINITIONS MODULE 35 Emotion: a response of the whole organism, involving physiological arousal, expressive behaviours and conscious experience James-Lange theory: the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli Cannon-Bard theory: the theory that an emotion-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion Two-factor theory: the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal Polygraph: a machine that measures several of the physiological responses accompanying emotion; commonly used in attempts to detect lies MODULE 37 Catharsis: emotional release; releasing aggressive energy through action or fantasy can relieve aggressive urges Feel-good, do-good phenomenon: people's tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood Subjective well-being: self-perceived happiness or satisfaction with life; used to evaluate quality of life Adaptation-level phenomenon: our tendency to form judgements relative to a neutral level defined by our prior experiences Relative deprivation: the perception that one is worse off relative to who one compares oneself to MODULE 38 Health psychology: psychology subfield that provides psychology's contribution to behavioural medicine Stress: the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging General adaptation syndrome: Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three phases - alarm, resistance and exhaustion Tend and befriend: under stress, people often provide support to others and bond with and seek support from others Psycho-physiological illness: any stress-related physical illness; 'mind-body' illness Psycho-neuro-immunology: the study of how psychological, neural and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health Lymphocytes: the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system; B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections, T lymphocytes form in the thymus and attack cancer cells and viruses Coronary heart disease: the clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; it is the leading cause of death in many developed countries Type A: the term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive and anger-prone people Type B: the term for easygoing, relaxed people MODULE 39 Coping: alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive or behavioural methods Problem-focused coping: attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor Emotion-focused coping: attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction Aerobic exercise: sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; can also alleviate depression and anxiety Complementary and alternative medicine: health care treatments intended to supplement or serve as alternatives to conventional medicine; they are not widely taught in medical schools, used in hospitals or reimbursed by insurance companies MODULE 47 Psychological disorder: deviant, distressful and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings or behaviour Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity Medical model: the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated and cured, through treatment in a hospital DSM-IV-TR: a widely used system for classifying psychological disorders MODULE 48 Anxiety disorders: psychological disorders characterized by distressin
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