PHSI191 Study Guide - Final Guide: Glossary Of Musical Terminology, Cantabile, Nocturne
SchoolUniversity of Otago
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February 13, 2014 – History
Italian opera: highly conventional in order to produce them quickly. Rossini is the leader of these
Barber of Seville: prequel to Figaro (early passionate courtship of the count and Rossina) Want
to court her without influencing her with his money, in disguise as a student. The count outwits
Dr. Bartello and marries Rossina.
•Cavatina/Aria di Sortita: Entrance aria, double aria. Opening aria of a main character. 3
oCantabile/ Tempo Primo: Start with a lyrical opening (demanding for the singer –
florid sections and ornamentation),
o(optional sections) Tempo di mezzo – Interruption (something happens to the
idea that was presented in the first section) Change
oCabaletta – Faster, fireworks, meant to bring the house down!
Duet or Ensemble, also have choral interjections.
•Tempo d’attacco: sets things up, series of dialogues going back and forth
•Pezzo concertato: more lyrical and regular, similar duet: they sing to the same melody.
Dissimilar duet: one person sings one way while the other sings the other way
•Tempo di mezzo: dramatic situation changes,
•Stretta: much faster, crazy fireworks,
p. 130 Quintet in the Barber of Seville: its built from a duet -> Trio - > Quartet -> Quintet
oParlante: melody is in the orchestra with recitative speaking in the other voices
oTempo d’attacco: The actual singing teacher walks in unknowing that he is
supposed to be sick.
oPezzo Concertato: everyone keeps saying goodbye
oTempo di mezzo: parlante texture, Figaro distracting Dr. Bortello, while the count
and Rossina are making plans to escape
oStretta: Count overhears their plans and goes into a towering rage, Rossini
crescendo as he gets angrier and angrier
Donizetti (his most famous is Lucia di Lammermoor), Bellini (his most famous is Norma): Bel
canto style, famous operas that are particularly demanding. Great successes in Paris (influence
in French opera).
•Rossini ended up in France
•Bellini had a strong influence on Chopin.
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