GSAC XX Finals Round 1
1. One extension of this equation is used to model diffusion through soil and is named for
Planck. If a significant current density is present, the resulting overpotential deviation from the
value predicted by this equation can be calculated using the Tafel equation. In the limit of low
ion concentration, this equation predicts an infinite voltage drop, and it can be used to calculate
the electrical potential of a cell membrane; the modification used to do so is named for Goldman.
It calculates change in potential as R T over n F times the natural log of the reaction quotient. For
10 points, name this equation that gives the electromotive force for a chemical cell.
ANSWER: Nernst equation
2. This man‟s unfinished Universe Symphony has three parts: “Past,” “Present,” and “Future.”
This composer depicted general Israel Putnam‟s camp in the second movement of his most well-
known work, which also features a movement depicting the Housatonic at Stockbridge. The
strings in another of his works represent the sounds of the night. That work was paired with a
work involving a trumpet asking a question with the woodwinds unable to respond, and he
represented transcendentalists with a piano sonata nicknamed “Concord.” For 10 points, name
this composer of The Unanswered Question and Three Places in New England.
ANSWER: Charles Edward Ives
3. One character in this film says “When you have to shoot, shoot; don‟t talk,” after being
interrupted during a bath and killing a one-armed bounty hunter. In order to force Union and
Confederate troops to leave, the protagonists of this film blow up Branstone Bridge. The Ecstasy
of Gold is one track composed by Ennio Morricone for this film, which features the three title
characters trying to locate the fortune of Bill Carson. For 10 points, name this Sergio Leone film
starring Clint Eastwood, the third in the Dollars Trilogy, which features Blondie, Angel Eyes,
and Tuco as the title characters.
ANSWER: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
4. This man founded the Dieppe Company and signed the Treaty of Vervins, ending a war with
Spain. He defeated the Duke of Mayenne in the Battle of Ivry and the Battle of Arques and
defeated the Duke of Guise in the Battle of Coutras. This man‟s marriage to Margaret of Valois
in the “secret nuptials” occurred six days before the assassination of his aide, the Admiral de
Coligny. This ruler was assassinated by François Ravaillac, and he fought against the Catholic
League. Catherine de Medici instigated the St. Bartholomew‟s Day Massacre against him, and
For 10 points, name this first Bourbon king of France, who issued the Edict of Nantes.
ANSWER: Henry IV [accept Henry Navarre; prompt on Henry]
5. In one of this man‟s plays, Sir Petronel attempts to run away to Virginia with Winifred, but is
thwarted by a storm and imprisoned with Quicksilver. Another of this man‟s plays sees Quarlous
win the hand of Dame Purecraft and Justice Overdo try to punish wrongdoers, only to end up
inviting everyone to dinner. In addition to Eastward Ho! and Bartholomew Fair, this man wrote
about Lovewit, Dame Pliant, and Face in one play and the struggles of Corbaccio, Voltore, and
Corvino to become the title character‟s heir in another. For 10 points, name this Elizabethan
author of The Alchemist and Volpone.
ANSWER: Ben(jamin) Jonson GSAC XX Finals Round 1
6. The Frenet-Serret formulas give this operation on the tangent vector as the product of
curvature and the normal vector, and summing this operation performed twice with respect to
each variable yields the Laplacian. The entries of the Jacobian matrix are first order examples of
them, and the gradient is calculated by taking the partial form of this operation on a scalar field.
Local extrema of a function are found by using one of two tests named for it. It is performed on a
composition of functions with the chain rule, and this operation on x-squared yields two x. For 10
points, name this operation that describes the instantaneous rate of change of a function.
ANSWER: Partial Derivatives [accept Partial Differentiation; do not accept “derivation”]
7. This figure gave birth to Hedone and lived in a palace with invisible servants. This figure
described her husband as a man who spends all day hunting in the mountains, and she later used
a small cake to distract Cerberus. A river-god advised this figure to wait until noontime in order
to retrieve some golden wool, and an oracle ordered this figure to be left on top of a mountain,
after which Zephyrus took her to her palace. A group of ants helped her sort out a pile of grains
and seeds, and she hid a knife and an oil lamp to identify her husband. For 10 points, name this
woman who became immortal after marrying Cupid.
8. This poet stated that “in the evening there was light” after hearing the description of a ruined
land from the title creatures in “What the Birds Said.” This man tells the title creatures of another
poem to “stay at home” before exclaiming that “Mistress Mary is dead and gone.” He described
“It might have been” as the saddest words “of tongue or pen” in “Maud Muller,” and the title
character of one of his poems tells Stonewall Jackson to “Shoot if you must this old grey head /
But spare your country‟s flag.” For 10 points, name this American poet of “Barbara Freitchie”
ANSWER: John Greenleaf Whittier
9. This city was divided into four campans, each of which consisted of twenty districts or
“capullis.” It was built using the chinampa system, and this city defeated the Tepanec Empire
along with Tlacopan as part of a tripartite alliance. Its inhabitants engaged in “flower wars” with
its neighbors in order to provide captives for human sacrifice, and the Tlaxcala feuded with this
city-state. A massacre in this city during the festival of Toxcatl caused an uprising that defeated
a force of invaders on La Noche Triste. For 10 points, name this capital city of the Aztec Empire,
located on an island in Lake Texcoco and destroyed in 1521 by Hernán Cortés.
10. This architect designed a Modernist home featuring skylights and glass walls, the Miller
House and Garden in Indiana. This man also designed a hockey rink with the shape of a whale in
addition to a residential college near Morse College built with rubble masonry. This architect of
the Ingalls Rink and Ezra Stiles College at Yale University designed the Kresge Auditorium at
MIT. Other designs of his include the TWA Flight Center at the John F. Kennedy International
Airport and the tallest monument in the United States, which is in the shape of a catenary. For 10
points, name this Finnish-American architect, the designer of the St. Louis Gateway Arch.
ANSWER: Eero Saarinen GSAC XX Finals Round 1
11. One scene in this play sees a drunken man ejected after interrupting a meeting to demand his
right to be heard. Petra loses her teaching position because of public outrage, and Morten Kiil
tries to bribe one character with his inheritance. That character denounces the majority in a
meeting held in Captain Horster‟s home. The People’s Herald refuses to publish a report after
Peter tells Aslaksen and Hovstad that its findings will cause the town‟s income to suffer. For 10
points, name this play in which Dr. Thomas Stockmann discovers that the town baths are
contaminated, a work of Henrik Ibsen.
ANSWER: An Enemy of the People [accept En folkefiende]
12. This man described a happy child as one “who never cries unless actually struck by a pin,”
and he warns against giving too much affection to children in his Psychological Care of Infant
and Child. In another work, this man claimed that if he were given “a dozen healthy infants,” he
would be able to train one to be any kind of specialist. This man‟s affair with his assistant
Rosalie Rayner led him to resign his position at Johns Hopkins, and he conducted an experiment
involving an eight-month-old child being conditioned to fear a white rat. For 10 points, name this
psychologist who conducted the Little Albert experiment, a pioneer of behaviorism.
ANSWER: John Broadus Watson
13. Medulloblastomas originate in this structure, and deep nuclei and vestibular nuclei are the
only path for output from it. Climbing fibers stimulate the Purkinje cells that make up much of
this feature, and damage to it can result in ataxia. It is made up of tightly folded gray matter, and
its functions include processing language and managing attention. It is located beneath the
occipital lobe and behind the brainstem. For 10 points, name this structure that deals primarily
with coordination and movement, whose name means “little brain” in Latin.
ANSWER: Cerebellum [prompt on Brain]
14. This man ordered the execution of members of Saint Patrick‟s Battalion, after which his
forces assaulted Chapultepec. He was wounded at the Battle of Lundy‟s Lane, and the duke of
Wellington proclaimed him “the greatest living general.” This man rounded up the Cherokee
nations in the South, and he acted as an observer of the Trail of Tears. He followed Cortez‟s
invasion route through Mexico, culminating in the capture of Mexico City. He designed the
Anaconda Plan for the Union, and For 10 points, name this American general nicknamed “Old
Fuss and Feathers.”
ANSWER: Winfield Scott
15. This artist depicted two goats lifting their two feet toward a vase of flower in one of his
twelve stain glass windows located in Jerusalem. This artist painted a completely blue house near
a village in one work, and he also painted a contorted figure kissing a woman holding a bouquet
of flowers in The Birthday. This artist painted a man paragliding near a white Eiffel Tower in
Paris Through the Window, and he depicted a figure painting a red goat in his Self-Portrait with
Seven Fingers. For 10 points, name this artist who depicted an upside down woman with a violin
and two large faces in his I and the Village.
ANSWER: Marc Zaharovich Chagall [accept Moishe Shagal] GSAC XX Finals Round 1
16. In one document important to this religion, Solomon convinces the Queen of Sheba to cease
worshiping the Sun. This religion‟s sacred texts include the Kebra Nagast, and sects of this
religion are known as „mansions,‟ one of which is the Nyahbingi Order. Robert Rogers wrote the
Holy Piby for this religion, whose members use the phrase “I and I” in place of “we.” Adherents
of this religion worship a single deity known as “Jah,” and its ceremonies include Grounation
Day. For 10 points, name this religion closely associated with dreadlocks and cannabis.
ANSWER: Rastafarianism [accept Rastafari movement]
17. This theory requires Poincaré symmetry, which includes boosts, rotations, and translations.
The Michelson-Morley experiment confirmed one postulate of it by showing that the speed of
light is constant in all reference frames, and it is associated with the twin paradox. It incorporates
a factor symbolized gamma that is the square root of one minus beta squared and is only valid in
inertial reference frames. Lorentz factors are used for calculations in this theory that predicts
time dilation and length contraction. For 10 points, name this theory regarding objects traveling
at near-light speeds proposed by Albert Einstein, which is contrasted with its more general form.
ANSWER: Special Relativity [prompt on Relativity; do not accept “General Relativity”]
18. This man moved to Ceramicus to interact with lower-class citizens, and Eurybiades was the
nominal commander at this man‟s most famous battle. Following one battle, this man left
messages asking Ionians to defect, and after the discovery of silver at Laurium, this man had his
hoplite-loving rival Aristides ostracized. This man responsible for the construction of his city-
state‟s navy was himself ostracized, and he fought at the Battle of Artemisium. For 10 points,
name this Athenian statesman and general who won at the Battle of Salamis.
19. One play by this man opens with Piet attempting to identify an aloe plant from a field book,
while another features two title characters who take an old stranger into their tent out of
compassion. This author of Boesman and Lena also wrote about the two cellmates John and
Winston, who act out an adaptation of Antigone. This author of The Island wrote a play in which
the penpal of Ethel Lange buys a suit for his lighter-skinned brother Morris, while another of his
works contrasts the black characters Sam and Willie with Hally and is set during apartheid. For
10 points, name this South African author of Blood Knot and Master Harold… and the Boys.
ANSWER: Athol Fugard
20. This man argued that liberty was “tranquility of mind” caused by a feeling of safety, and he
believed that females could be heads of state, but not the head of a family. He argued that
republics rely on virtue to function while monarchies rely on honor, and also asserted that
climate affects the nature of people and society. This thinker stated that two types of government
exist: the sovereign and the administrative. In one work, he argued that government should be
separated into legislative, executive, and judicial branches. For 10 points, name this French
philosopher who advocated separation of powers, the author of The Spirit of the Laws.
ANSWER: Baron de Montesquieu [accept Charles-Louis de Secondat] GSAC XX Finals Round 1
TB. One character in this novel cannot eat a watermelon because it reminds her of the head of
John the Baptist. Sitnikov introduces the two main characters of this novel to Madame Kukshin,
and another character unexpectedly kisses Fenichka at a garden. Pavel is shot in the leg during a