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Study Guide

MUS 1220- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 28 pages long!)


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS 1220
Professor
In-Ja Eshelman
Study Guide
Final

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BU
MUS 1220
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Part One: Elements
1. Sound: Pitch, Dynamics, and Tone Color
Music is an art based on the organization of sounds in time
4 main properties of musical sounds
o Pitch
o Dynamics
o Tone color
o Duration
Pitch: highness or lowness of sound
Tone: a sound that has a definite pitch
Interval: the distance in pitch between any 2 tones
Octave
Pitch range (range): the distance between lowest and highest tones
o Chopin, Sonata No.2 in B flat minor
o Thaikovsky Dae of the Reed Pipes Nutraker “uite
Dynamics: loudness or softness
Notation
o pp pianissimo (very soft)
o p piano (soft)
o mp mezzo piano (moderately soft)
o mf mezzo forte (moderately loud)
o f forte (loud)
o ff fortissimo (very loud)
decrescendo (descr.), diminuendo (dim.) gradually softer
crescendo (cresc.) gradually louder
accent: emphasize certain tone
Tone Color: Timbre
Wagner, Prelude to Act III of Lohengrin strong
Grieg, “olveig’s “og fro Peer Gyt “uite – warm
Listening Samples
o The Firebird, Scene 2 (1901) by Igor Stravinsky
o C-Jam Blues (1942) by Duke Ellington & His Famous Orchestra
2. Performing Media: Voices and Instruments
Voices: classification of voice ranges for women and men (highest to lowest)
o Soprano
o Mezzo soprano
o Alto
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o Tenor
o Baritone
o Bass
Musical instruments
o String
Violin
Viola
Cello
Double bass (bass)
o Woodwind
Flute family: piccolo and flute
Clarinet family: clarinet and bass clarinet
Oboe family: oboe and English horn
Bassoon family: bassoon and contrabassoon
o Brass
Trumpet
French horn (horn)
Trombone
Tuba
o Percussion
Definite pitch
Timpani
Glockenspiel
Xylophone
Indefinite pitch
Snare drum
Bass drum
Tambourine
Triangle
Cymbals
o Keyboard
Harpsichord
Pipe organ
Piano
Invented around 1700 and mechanically perfected by the 1850s
88 keys (more than 7 octaves) and 2 or 3 pedals
Exceptionally versatile
o Electronic
Modern symphony orchestras contain string, woodwind, brass, and percussion instruments
Conductor most powerful person in orchestra
Concert master best violin player in the orchestra
Listening Example
o The Young Perso’s Guide to the Orhestra, Op.  196, y Bejai Britte
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